SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20210901-0 >  
title: Multiple vulnerabilities  
product: see "Vulnerable / tested versions"  
vulnerable version: see "Vulnerable / tested versions"  
fixed version: see "Solution"  
CVE number: CVE-2021-39278, CVE-2021-39279  
impact: High  
found: 2020-08-31  
by: T. Weber (Office Vienna)  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
An integrated part of SEC Consult, an Atos company  
Europe | Asia | North America  
Vendor description:  
"Together, We Create Change  
Moxa is committed to making a positive impact around the world. We put our all  
behind this commitment--from our employees, to our products and supply chain.  
In our local communities, we nurture and support the spirit of volunteering.  
We encourage our employees to contribute to community development, with an  
emphasis on ecology, education, and health.  
In our products, we invest in social awareness programs and  
environment-friendly policies at every stage of the product lifecycle. We make  
sure our manufacturing meets the highest standards with regards to quality,  
ethics, and sustainability."  
Business recommendation:  
SEC Consult recommends to immediately apply the available patches  
from the vendor. A thorough security review should be performed by  
security professionals to identify further potential security issues.  
Vulnerability overview/description:  
1) Authenticated Command Injection (CVE-2021-39279)  
An authenticated command injection vulnerability can be triggered by issuing a  
GET request to the "/forms/web_importTFTP" CGI program which is available on  
the web interface. An attacker can abuse this vulnerability to compromise the  
operating system of the device. This issue was found by emulating the firmware  
of the device.  
2) Reflected Cross-Site Scripting via Manipulated Config-File (CVE-2021-39278)  
Via a crafted config-file, a reflected cross-site scripting vulnerability can  
be exploited in the context of the victim's browser. This config-file can be  
uploaded to the device via the "Config Import Export" tab in the main menu.  
3) Known GNU glibc Vulnerabilities (CVE-2015-0235)  
The used GNU glibc in version 2.9 is outdated and contains multiple known  
vulnerabilities. One of the discovered vulnerabilities (CVE-2015-0235,  
gethostbyname "GHOST" buffer overflow) was verified by using the MEDUSA  
scalable firmware runtime.  
4) Multiple Outdated Software Components  
Multiple outdated software components containing vulnerabilities were found by  
the IoT Inspector.  
The vulnerabilities 1), 2) and 3) were manually verified on an emulated device  
by using the MEDUSA scalable firmware runtime.  
Proof of concept:  
1) Authenticated Command Injection (CVE-2021-39279)  
The vulnerability can be triggered by navigating in the web interface to the  
"Main Menu"->"Maintenance"->"Config Import Export"  
The "TFTP Import" menu is prone to command injection via all parameters. To  
exploit the vulnerability, an IP address, a configuration path and a filename  
must be set.  
If the filename is used to trigger the exploit, the payload in the interceptor  
proxy would be:|`ping localhost -c 100`  
2) Reflected Cross-Site Scripting via Manipulated Config-File (CVE-2021-39278)  
The vulnerability can be triggered by navigating in the web interface to the  
"Main Menu"->"Maintenance"->"Config Import Export"  
The "Config Import" menu is prone to reflected cross-site scripting via the  
upload of config files. Example of malicious config file:  
Uploading such a crafted file triggers cross-site scripting as the erroneous  
value is displayed without filtering characters.  
3) Known GNU glibc Vulnerabilities (CVE-2015-0235)  
GNU glibc version 2.9 contains multiple CVEs like:  
CVE-2016-1234, CVE-2015-7547, CVE-2013-7423, CVE-2013-1914, and more.  
The gethostbyname buffer overflow vulnerability (GHOST) was checked with the  
help of the exploit code from It was  
compiled and executed on the emulated device to test the system.  
4) Multiple Outdated Software Components  
The IoT Inspector recognized multiple outdated software components with known  
BusyBox 1.18.5 06/2011  
Dropbear SSH 2011.54 11/2011  
GNU glibc 2.9 02/2009  
Linux Kernel 2.6.27 10/2008  
OpenSSL 0.9.7g 04/2005  
Only found in the program "iw_director"  
OpenSSL 1.0.0 03/2010  
Vulnerable / tested versions:  
The following firmware versions for various devices have been identified  
to be vulnerable:  
* WAC-2004 / 1.7  
* WAC-1001 / 2.1  
* WAC-1001-T / 2.1  
* OnCell G3470A-LTE-EU / 1.7  
* OnCell G3470A-LTE-EU-T / 1.7  
* TAP-323-EU-CT-T / 1.3  
* TAP-323-US-CT-T / 1.3  
* TAP-323-JP-CT-T / 1.3  
* WDR-3124A-EU / 2.3  
* WDR-3124A-EU-T / 2.3  
* WDR-3124A-US / 2.3  
* WDR-3124A-US-T / 2.3  
Vendor contact timeline:  
2020-10-09: Contacting vendor through  
2020-10-12: Contact sends PGP key for encrypted communication and asks for the  
detailed advisory. Sent encrypted advisory to vendor.  
2020-11-06: Status update from vendor regarding technical analysis. Vendor  
requested more time for fixing the vulnerabilities as more products  
are affected.  
2020-11-09: Granted more time for fixing to vendor.  
2020-11-10: Vendor asked for next steps regarding the advisory publication.  
2020-11-11: Asked vendor for an estimation when a public disclosure is possible.  
2020-11-16: Vendor responded that the product team can give a rough feedback.  
2020-11-25: Asked for a status update.  
2020-11-25: Vendor responded that the investigation is not done yet.  
2020-12-14: Vendor provided a list of potential affected devices and stated  
that full investigation may take until January 2021 due to the list  
of CVEs that were provided with the appended IoT Inspector report.  
The patches may be available until June 2021.  
2020-12-15: Shifted next status update round with vendor on May 2021.  
2020-12-23: Vendor provided full list of affected devices.  
2021-02-05: Vendor sieved out the found issues from 4) manually and provided a  
full list of confirmed vulnerabilities. WAC-2004 phased-out in  
2021-02-21: Confirmed receive of vulnerabilities, next status update in May  
2021-06-10: Asking for an update.  
2021-06-15: Vendor stated, that the update will be provided in the next days.  
2021-06-21: Vendor will give an update in the next week as Covid gets worse in  
2021-06-23: Vendor stated, that patches are under development. Vendor needs more  
time to finish the patches.  
2021-06-24: Set release date to 2021-09-01.  
2021-07-02: Vendor provides status updates.  
2021-08-16: Vendor provides status updates.  
2021-08-17: Vendor asks for CVE IDs and stated, that WDR-3124A has phased-out.  
2021-08-20: Sent assigned CVE-IDs to vendor. Asked for fixed version numbers.  
2021-08-31: Vendor provides fixed firmware version numbers and the advisory  
2021-09-01: Coordinated release of security advisory.  
According to the vendor the following patches must be applied to fix issues:  
* WAC-1001 / 2.1.5  
* WAC-1001-T / 2.1.5  
* OnCell G3470A-LTE-EU / 1.7.4  
* OnCell G3470A-LTE-EU-T / 1.7.4  
* TAP-323-EU-CT-T / 1.8.1  
* TAP-323-US-CT-T / 1.8.1  
* TAP-323-JP-CT-T / 1.8.1  
The Moxa Technical Support must be contacted for requesting the security  
The corresponding security advisories for the affected devices are available on  
the vendor's website:  
OnCell G3470A-LTE/WDR-3124A  
The following device models are EOL and should be replaced:  
* WAC-2004  
* WDR-3124A-EU  
* WDR-3124A-EU-T  
* WDR-3124A-US  
* WDR-3124A-US-T  
Advisory URL:  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
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Europe | Asia | North America  
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EOF Thomas Weber / @2021