SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20240624-0 >  
title: Multiple Vulnerabilities allowing complete bypass  
product: Faronics WINSelect (Standard + Enterprise)  
vulnerable version: <8.30.xx.903  
fixed version: 8.30.xx.903  
CVE number: CVE-2024-36495, CVE-2024-36496, CVE-2024-36497  
impact: high  
found: 2024-02-01  
by: Daniel Hirschberger (Office Bochum)  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
An integrated part of SEC Consult, an Eviden business  
Europe | Asia  
Vendor description:  
"WINSelect - Allows you to easily control your end-users' Windows Experience without  
having to deal with GPOs.  
Need to Prevent Data From Leaving?  
Whether you're working on classified government files or the secret ingredient  
for your famous lasagna, you need to protect your sensitive information from  
walking out the door.  
Faronics WINSelect offers the ability to disable USB ports and disk drives. Now  
you can relax knowing your secrets won't be exported without your knowledge."  
Business recommendation:  
The vendor provides a patched version which should be installed immediately.  
SEC Consult highly recommends to perform a thorough security review of the  
product conducted by security professionals to identify and resolve potential  
further security issues.  
Vulnerability overview/description:  
1) Read/Write Permissions for Everyone on Configuration File (CVE-2024-36495)  
The application saves its configuration in an encrypted file which "Everyone" has  
read and write access to.  
2) Hardcoded Credentials (CVE-2024-36496)  
The configuration file is encrypted with a static key derived from a static five-  
character password which allows an attacker to decrypt this file.  
3) Unhashed Storage of Password (CVE-2024-36497)  
The decrypted configuration file contains the password in cleartext which is used  
to configure WINSelect. It can be used to remove the existing restrictions and  
disable WINSelect entirely.  
By combining these issues any local attacker can disable WINSelect.  
Proof of concept:  
1) Read/Write Permissions for Everyone on Configuration File (CVE-2024-36495)  
WINSelect Standard saves its configuration in the following file:  
Every user has read and write permissions on this file by default:  
The write permission is no problem as long as WINSelect is running, because it  
is locked by the process WSEngine.exe.  
For WINSelect Enterprise the path for the configuration file is:  
2) Hardcoded Credentials (CVE-2024-36496)  
By analyzing the application via the API Monitor tool, we found that the  
application uses a hardcoded five letter password, hashes it with the outdated  
and broken MD5 algorithm (no salt) and uses the first five bytes as the key  
for RC4. The configuration file is then encrypted with these parameters.  
After starting WINSelect.exe the MD5 and RC4 algorithms are requested:  
When the login to the configuration of WINSelect is triggered via  
CTRL+ALT+SHIFT+F8, the configuration file is decrypted.  
The hardcoded password "Kunal" is hashed.  
The first five bytes of the hash are used to instantiate a key object.  
The configuration is then decrypted with this key.  
To simplify this proof of concept the following python script was developed  
which automatically decrypts an encrypted WINSelect.wsd:  
3) Unhashed Storage of Password (CVE-2024-36497)  
By decrypting the configuration file, the used password can be extracted at the  
beginning of the file:  
<?xml version="1.0"?>  
Vulnerable / tested versions:  
The following version has been tested which was the latest version available  
at the time of the test:  
* 8.22.1112.886  
Vendor contact timeline:  
2024-02-19: Contacting vendor through and  
2024-02-20: Vendor responds with an email address to which we shall send the  
2024-02-20: Asking for encryption, vendor requests unencrypted communication,  
submitting advisory.  
2024-02-21: Vendor confirms receipt, engaged with product and development teams.  
2024-02-27: Vendor introduces additional contact, will coordinate further responses.  
2024-03-13: Additional contact apologizes for delayed response, vulnerabilities  
already discussed internally. Asks for extension of release.  
2024-03-14: Extending advisory release to coordinate with patch.  
2024-04-10: Vendor has addressed the reported issues in a test build for the  
standard version, enterprise fixes will be incorporated soon.  
2024-04-18: Giving feedback that the issue is still exploitable, proposing a  
better hash function and random UUID, linking to OWASP password storage  
cheat sheet.  
2024-04-21: Vendor thanks us for the proposed fix, current patch must be released, but  
working on new version incorporating our feedback.  
2024-04-23: Providing further feedback, especially regarding GPU attacks.  
2024-05-27: Asking for a status update.  
2024-05-29: Vendor's last email got stuck in their mailbox. The latest WINSelect patch  
was released in early May, now incorporates PBKDF2. Provides release notes  
and download URL.  
Reserving CVE numbers.  
2024-06-10: We can confirm that the PBKDF2 is used with SHA256 and 600000 iterations  
2024-06-11: Since the hardcoded password for the encryption is not fixed, we ask if  
this will be addressed as well.  
Vendor responds that this will be addressed in a future release.  
2024-06-24: Coordinated release of security advisory.  
The vendor provides a patched version 8.30.xx.903 since May 2024 which can be downloaded  
from the following URL:  
The vendor provided the following changelog:  
Advisory URL:  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
An integrated part of SEC Consult, an Eviden business  
Europe | Asia  
About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab is an integrated part of SEC Consult, an  
Eviden business. It ensures the continued knowledge gain of SEC Consult in the  
field of network and application security to stay ahead of the attacker. The  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab supports high-quality penetration testing and  
the evaluation of new offensive and defensive technologies for our customers.  
Hence our customers obtain the most current information about vulnerabilities  
and valid recommendation about the risk profile of new technologies.  
Interested to work with the experts of SEC Consult?  
Send us your application  
Interested in improving your cyber security with the experts of SEC Consult?  
Contact our local offices  
Mail: security-research at sec-consult dot com  
EOF Daniel Hirschberger / @2024